Cairo – On November 4, 1922, the English archaeologist Howard Carter arrived at tomb No. 62 in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, after years of searching and excavations in vain, to discover that it is the tomb of the pharaonic king – then submerged – Tutankhamun, To be one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the twentieth century.
He says Location The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities and Tourism said that despite the enormous wealth in Tutankhamun’s tomb, it is a very modest tomb in terms of size and architectural design compared to other tombs in the Valley of the Kings, due to the arrival of Tutankhamun to the throne at a very young age and he ruled for only 9 years.
And one can ask what might the tombs of the powerful kings of the New Kingdom—such as Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis III, Amenhotep III, and Ramses II—contain if that was what the boy king’s tomb contained?
Archaeologists attribute the global passion for King Tutankhamun to the fact that his tomb preserved all its unique treasures, unlike the tombs of other Pharaohs kings looted by thieves throughout the ages, as well as the mystery surrounding the fate of the Pharaonic King Tutankhamun and his death at a relatively young age, and the mystery surrounding the fate of those who contributed In this great discovery.
The Grand Egyptian Museum – which is expected to open next year 2022 – is scheduled to house King Tutankhamun’s holdings, which officials hope will contribute to advancing tourism in Cairo, and Egypt will celebrate next year the 100th anniversary of the discovery of King Tutankhamun’s tomb.
A child finds a cemetery
Carter’s world fell into a dilemma due to the Egyptian government’s restrictions and tight control over the search for antiquities, so he resorted to Lord Carnarvon – an English aristocrat known for financing research trips and archaeological exploration missions – and persuaded him to finance the excavation and excavation, and Carnarvon concluded a contract with The Times newspaper ( The Times) to be the only publisher of news and photos about the cemetery.
Egyptologist Zahi Hawass tells that the Egyptian child Hussein Abdel Rasoul revealed the location of the tomb when he came to fetch water for the workers to drink. He took down the “Zir” (a pottery vessel similar to a jar) and placed it at the entrance to the tomb to reveal the tomb. Carter came and said, “This is the tomb of Tutankhamun.” Amon”.
This discovery came after 5 years of research and excavation that Carter spent in the desert of the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, which threatened his project with failure and Carnarvon threatened to stop funding the project.
It was said that Carter requested cooperation with the family of Abdul Rasoul, famous for archaeological excavations since the nineteenth century, to provide the family with trained labor, and the child Hussein was among those who worked with Carter and was no more than 12 years old.
The popular narration says that the child Hussein was carrying water from the Nile to the work site, and when he reached the Valley of the Kings, he felt that the water would fall from his donkey, so he decided to reconnect the water, and put the water tractor on the ground and noticed that it hit the bottom of the dirt with a solid object, so curiosity pushed him to dig with his little axe and find rung of stairs, ran to Carter.
Carter took the child to his place of excavation, began digging to reveal another 16 steps, inserted his head into the tomb’s window, and said his famous sentence “Today is the day of days.”
Alleged crises and curse
The discovery sparked various crises, not only because of the huge treasures that were unveiled, but also because of the controversy it raised about the monopoly of the Times newspaper over the cemetery news since its opening on February 16, 1923, and then the death of Lord Carnarvon in April 1923.
Under the title “Tutankhamun’s Victims”, Al-Ahram newspaper published in February 1924 a report on the legend of the curse of the pharaohs that the world is talking about, after a number of those who participated in the great archaeological discovery met their death in mysterious circumstances, and Al-Ahram quoted the opinions of doctors from Europe and India that suggested The unsuitable climate, poor working conditions and extreme fatigue are the reasons behind the successive deaths.
Archaeological restorers recently succeeded in giving new life to the legendary burial chamber of King Tutankhamun; The mummified body of the young pharaoh was placed in its original place about 3,000 years ago, and the golden sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun was placed inside the burial chamber.
And it took 10 years to restore the tomb of King Tutankhamun, and experts from Institute “Getty Images” for conservation and the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities unveiled the results of their work, which appeared for the first time yesterday, Wednesday, after it was reopened to the public.
The pictures show the astonishing restoration of the room lavishly decorated with intricate drawings and designs, and restoration work was carried out to ensure its enjoyment by future human generations.
Carter managed to reach the mummy of Tutankhamun, where he cut several coffins until he reached the famous funerary golden mask of King Tut, and reached the skeleton of the young pharaonic king.
Scientists, by examining the mummy of Tutankhamun, revealed that he died at the age of between 17 and 19 years due to injuries to his body, which reinforced the theory that he was assassinated.
Tutankhamun is one of the pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty in ancient Egypt, and his name in the ancient Egyptian language means “the living image of the god Amun”, the great ancient Egyptian deity.
The reign of Tutankhamun represented a transitional period in the history of ancient Egypt, after King Akhenaten, who called for the unification of the gods of ancient Egypt in the image of the god Aten, and Egypt returned to the worship of multiple deities during the reign of Tutankhamun.
The treasures of King Tutankhamun travel for display in the most important museums in the world, as his treasures were previously displayed during the past years in Los Angeles, Paris, London and others.
At the present time, preparations are underway in the Grand Egyptian Museum to prepare the place for displaying the belongings of King Tutankhamun. The archaeologists of the Grand Egyptian Museum have recently completed the work of transferring and re-installing the second cabin of the young king Tutankhamun inside the window designated for it with the rest of the chapels of the young king.
Hypotheses of the death of the young king
Archaeologists had concluded – after a hypothetical “autopsy” of the mummy carried out by radiological scanning – that Tutankhamun had injuries to his right side and that “the most plausible hypothesis is that he had a chariot accident.” Scientists specialized in the history of Egypt had previously mentioned this hypothesis, but “no one was able to link the presence of injuries to the right side due to the death of this pharaoh.”
The cause of the death of the “golden pharaoh” in 1324 BC, at the age of 19, after he ruled Egypt for about 9 years, was a dispute among scholars among those who said that he died of malaria, sickle cell anemia or Kohler’s disease, which prevents blood flow to the bones, according to A previous report by Al Jazeera Net.
Scientists based on a sample of the pharaoh’s skin obtained in 1968 by British anthropologist Robert Connolly, who was a member of the team of scientists that conducted the first scan of Tutankhamun’s mummy. Chemical experiments were conducted on this sample, which indicated that the burns that afflicted the mummy were caused by chemical reactions caused by a defect in the mummification method.
“Despite all the attention that Tutankhamun’s mummy has received, scientists did not expect the possibility that a defect in mummification led to the burning of the mummy… It is a new discovery,” the head of the team of scientists said.