Sunday, November 28

ARD theme week Stadt.Land.Wandel: Once to Dagobah and back

Here comes some bad news for everyone who lives in Berlin, Hamburg, Munich or other big cities. Those who live in a metropolitan area, for example, have a higher risk of developing schizophrenia. This can be read in the book by the psychiatrist Mazda Adli: “Stress and the City: Why Cities Make Us Sick”. Apart from that, cities are being hit by the worst housing shortage since World War II. In addition, cities are not only the main culprits of climate change, they are also the main victims. For example in the form of summer heat waves. And there’s not even talk of a traffic jam on the Mittlerer Ring in Munich.

According to the philosopher Paul Virilio, metropolises are also the “Achilles’ heels of our civilization” because they become venues for “metropolitan terrorism”. In summary: If you don’t get schizophrenia while looking for a cheap and at the same time humane apartment in Munich-Schwabing, you will collapse in the summer. Probably in a traffic jam on the middle ring. Or will at some point become a victim of an attack. Life in the cities is not easy. That has no future. There are therefore many people such as the writer Juli Zeh (formerly Leipzig, now Barnewitz) who are fleeing the apocalyptic cities to live in the auspicious land.

In Tuntenhausen or Bad Sülze there may be less schizophrenia, but also fewer doctors for diagnosis

Unfortunately there is also one or the other bad news for all people who live in Barnewitz or on Dagobah on the outer edge of the galaxy. Dagobah is a swamp planet from the Star Wars universe. Dagobah can also be Tuntenhausen, Obermoschel or Bad Sülze. In general, unfortunately, there is not only less schizophrenia in rural areas, but also fewer and fewer doctors who can diagnose it. There are also fewer and fewer hospitals. Less train tracks. Fewer bus stops. Fewer restaurants. Less fiber optic cables. Less cinemas. Less jobs. Less people. Life in the country is not easy. That has no future. There are therefore many people, such as the author of this article (formerly the Bavarian Forest, now Munich), who are fleeing the apocalyptic land to live in auspicious cities.

There has been an exodus from the country for a long time. And meanwhile also an escape from the city. Conclusion: In the city you can only get sick and crazy, in the country you can only get crazy and lonely. Woe to you, you get sick too. Now is the time for some good news. Please: “93 percent of the area of ​​Germany”, according to the building culture report “Stadt und Land”, is occupied by communities “beyond the big metropolises”.

Sixty percent of Germans live in small or medium-sized cities that have rural qualities as well as urban districts

These are rural communities with up to 5000 inhabitants, small towns with up to 20,000 inhabitants and smaller medium-sized towns with up to 50,000 inhabitants. That means: a majority of Germans, 60 percent, do not even live in gigantic metropolises. But neither do they live in village-like shrink structures, but often in small or medium-sized cities that can certainly have urban qualities. Just as there are urban districts there that can certainly have rural qualities. Incidentally, you yourself live in a place in Munich (urban) that is sometimes very similar to Dagobah (swampy).

In truth, the city / country dichotomy, which is as clear as it is false, does not exist. Only as an enemy. Most people tend to live in interstices that correspond neither to “stupidity” (Thomas Bernhard on cities), nor to “idiocy” (Karl Marx on the country). The spatial sociological truth in Germany is one of complexity and dynamic change. So not everything is better than expected, but at least not as clichéd antagonistic. It’s definitely complicated.

The second good news consists of the ARD theme week, which will run from this Sunday until November 13th under the title “City. Country. Change” and dozens of illuminating and illuminating the complexity of our living spaces on all possible channels and in all possible ways Formats. The city, it says on the homepage of the Bavarian Broadcasting Corporation, which is in charge of the theme week, where there is also a practical Program calendar believes “is not always urban and forward-looking and the country is not always rural and underserved”. Often the opposite is the case. It is precisely in this differentiation that the opportunities lie. Right next to the questions.

A young man who is in the documentary All of us the village shyly reports, now wants to know whether a church is being planned for the new village. Or even a mosque. That is not his own question. The father, who couldn’t come to the meeting, wanted to know. He himself, says the young man, would also like a swimming pool instead of a church and a mosque. Then one of the village planners says: “We’ll build what you want. Maybe a floating mosque too.” This means that Hauke ​​Stichling-Pehlke, ex-city dweller, soon to be a fellow fate of Juli-Zeh, has the laughs on his side. That is a good thing, because in the next dark months, in which the village for 130 “comrades” (wonderful: the comeback of the SPD is already hinted at here) is to be built in Wendland, there will also be tears.

The one and a half hour documentary by Claire Roggan and Antonia Traulsen accompanies the idea of ​​a model village and becomes a journey into utopia. It is about the concept of a “village for everyone”, in which old, young and refugees can come together and be equipped with affordable, biologically sound houses. A sociological experiment. Incidentally, this sometimes fails – at least with a view to the refugees from other cultures. Apart from the fact that settlers and refugees do not come together in the end, enough disparate ideas about life become a “we all”. At the end of the day you want to congratulate people who normally could get on your nerves in their Waldorf-educational gluten-freedom, including bean patties, on their freedom.

Life is a dream of possibility. “It’s nice to live in heaven,” he says, resident of a spatial landscape on a Parisian roof

The architectural film series, which is also outstanding in the literal sense of the word, tells of a completely different form of freedom Under & over by Sabine Reeh (idea and concept), which is a cosmopolitan invitation to marvel at the creativity of architecture. This is not about village, horizontal, but urban, vertical. And the question that is currently being asked in all major cities. How can you create more living space – without density stress?

In the accompanying material to the film series it says: “Housing shortage, lack of green spaces, traffic blackouts, crampedness, noise, stress – this is reality today. But there are solutions that show how urban spaces expand vertically and through growth upwards and downwards cleverly designed compression can be upgraded. ” You can see architecturally astonishing contributions from all over the world. Near Paris, a resident of the wondrous spatial landscape that was created on the previously unused roof says: “It’s nice to live in heaven.”

Andreas Brohm, Mayor of Tangerhütte, Saxony-Anhalt, makes a completely different contribution (Can our villages still be saved? by David Holland) believes that Tangerhütte could also be heavenly. If it survives. This documentation is also recommended. The sociological question of space is also presented here economically and politically in its enormous explosiveness. It’s not far from heaven to hell. But the reverse is also true. Life is a space of possibility. The ARD theme week deserves to explore this space in a stimulating and illuminating way.

All of us in the village, in the NDR media library; Can our villages still be saved? The first, Monday, 8.15 p.m.; Drunter & Drüber, BR, November 10, 10:45 p.m. You can find it here Program of the ARD theme week

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