Sunday, November 28

Lopes: What world are we going to leave them with? In what conditions will the people born in 2021 live?

Any child born today and living throughout the 21st century, will see the planet very different from the Earth of previous generations.


What world will we leave for our children? This question has been asked so many times that it has become a central component of the environmental discourse, yet it must be posed more realistically at the 26th Climate Summit in Glasgow, in the north of the United Kingdom, because countries must once again consider the damage caused by global warming.

With this introduction, the French magazine L’Obs summarized article Cyril Bonnet spoke about the doubling of heat waves and coastlines threatened by sea rise, agricultural disturbances and increased migrations due to climate, to conclude with François Jimin, a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, that a child born today and living throughout the 21st century, will see the planet completely different from the land known to generations. previous.

Increasing heat waves

In an interview with this expert on environmental geopolitics, Jimin warns that a child born today will experience “increasingly frequent extreme weather events” in his lifetime, because by the time he reaches the age of 14 or 15, the global temperature will be 1.5 degrees Celsius higher than at what age. before the industry.

The first result – according to the expert – is that these future teenagers will suffer from two and a half times more heat waves than those we live today, and their frequency will increase more in the event of increased warming, which may reach a threshold of 2.7 degrees in the year 2100, which will cause forest fires like those that occurred this summer, in addition to the “extreme rainfall” that will be more violent and numerous.

In conjunction with the rise in temperature, the estimated rise in the water level “by a meter by the end of the century” will gradually change the coastal landscape, and accordingly, according to Jimin, “the coastline will recede by about 100 meters on the low coasts,” which means, for example, that a child was born in 2021 on the coast Opal or in Normandy, France, will walk on narrower shores than those known to his parents and grandparents, a situation that poses a threat to many municipalities in France and abroad.

You must adapt

According to François Gemin, the coming decades will also witness an increase in climate-induced migration and displacement, with about 30 million people displaced in 2020, as a result of “extreme weather events” that are expected to increase in the future, such as “storms, hurricanes, droughts and floods”.

And “it can be realized that global warming will cause more international migration, especially if certain areas of the world become uninhabitable,” warns Jimin, especially “in sub-Saharan Africa, where any increase in temperatures will lead to a decrease in crops,” as The agricultural yields in some western countries will decrease when the temperature increases by about 2.5 degrees.

In the face of these emergencies, today’s children will have no choice but to fight on the two fronts that are now emerging, namely “reducing greenhouse gases in the most effective way, to avoid the dangerous effects of climate change” on the one hand, and on the other hand “adapting” to the imminent and inevitable effects of global warming , particularly through housing, infrastructure and agricultural technologies, and “you cannot choose between these two fronts, but must do both,” according to François Gemin.

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