The stages and the level of the risk weight.. Here is the most important information about obesity

Day by day, cases of obesity are increasing, which is one of the most prevalent health problems in the world, and one of the most important factors causing stress and lack of movement, but what is the exact definition of obesity? And what are its main symptoms? How does it affect our daily life? How is it evaluated from a psychology perspective?

In her report, she says Cumhuriyet, Turkish newspaper Obesity can be treated through exercise or surgeries accompanied by diets, and specialists determine the most appropriate treatment methods to ensure that a healthy weight is reached and maintained.

The World Health Organization defines obesity as an excessive accumulation of body fat to an extent that is harmful to health.

According to the preliminary study report of the “Nutrition and Health Survey in Turkey 2010”, the prevalence of obesity in Turkey was 20.5% among men, and 41% among women, or an average of 30.3%.

Dietitian Fatima Arslanhan presents the most important symptoms and health and psychological problems related to obesity.

What are the symptoms of obesity?

Arslanhan explains that the most important symptoms of obesity are sleep disturbances, swollen feet, back pain, breathing problems, snoring and fatigue, and symptoms are common among those over 15 years old.

How does psychology evaluate the effects of obesity on mental health?

The specialist asserts that obesity, which is widely spread in contemporary societies, causes psychological problems such as dissatisfaction with body shape, low self-esteem, problems in relationships between spouses, difficulties in work and social life, and a decline in sexual ability.

What are the health problems caused by obesity?

Obesity causes many health problems, including high blood pressure, shortness of breath, joint pain, weakness, diabetes, anxiety disorders, and heart attacks, with the possibility of severe problems in the organs associated with obesity in the advanced stages of the disease.

Obesity may cause psychological problems such as dissatisfaction with body shape and low self-esteem (German)

What are the stages of obesity?

Stage 0: There is no risk factor for obesity (blood pressure, diabetes problems).

Stage I: Minor risk factors for obesity (hypertension, low fasting blood sugar, elevated liver enzymes) and symptoms (dyspnea, joint pain, weakness) can be seen.

Phase 2: Obesity-related chronic diseases (high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, joint pain, GERD, polycystic ovary syndrome, anxiety disorders) are observed.

The third stage: Obesity-related chronic diseases are observed (cardiac infarction, heart failure, complications resulting from diabetes, joint pain).

Fourth stage: severe organic disorders are observed due to obesity.

What is the level of weight that can be diagnosed with obesity?

A person is considered obese by dividing their weight by the square of their height.

Based on this it is considered that:

From 20 to 24.9 normal weight.

From 25 to 29.9 is overweight.

From 30 to 34.9 are obese.

From 35 to 39.5 people with obesity of the second degree.

40 to 49.9 are obese.

50 and above the highest degree of obesity.

The risk of obesity can be reduced through physical activity and a diet based on fruits and vegetables (Shutterstock)

What are the ways to prevent obesity?

Dietitian Fatima Arslanhan confirms that the risk of obesity can be reduced through regular physical activity, avoiding junk food and following a diet based on fruits and vegetables. Here are some tips to prevent obesity:

1- Doing exercise regularly

2- Changing eating habits by following a diet under the supervision of a specialist doctor

3- Avoid fast food

4- Eat fruits and vegetables

5- Give priority to home-cooked meals instead of ready-made

6- Adopting olive oil instead of animal fats in preparing foods

7- Rely on cheese and dairy that contain less fat

8- Consumption of red meat without fat, and chicken without the skin

9- Eat fish regularly

10- Drink water in appropriate quantities, and stay away from soft drinks.

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