Amidst the intensification of battles, a warning of the dangers of civil war in Ethiopia and African efforts to find a peaceful solution to the crisis
A UN official has warned the international community that a civil war in Ethiopia is a “very real danger”, coinciding with the continuation of international moves to reach a ceasefire as an initial step for sustainable peace in this country.
Rosemary DiCarlo, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, said – during a Security Council session devoted to the situation in Ethiopia – that Ethiopia’s descent into a large-scale civil war is a very real danger, and if it happens, it would cause a humanitarian disaster, and harm the future of the country that She described it as important.
She explained that about 7 million people in northern Ethiopia need humanitarian assistance.
DiCarlo pointed out that the Tigrayan forces were advancing south towards Addis Ababa in coordination with the Oromo Liberation Army. She added that the year-long conflict in the Tigray region of Ethiopia has taken catastrophic proportions, explaining that the fighting puts the future of the country, its people, and the stability of the wider Horn of Africa in a state of great uncertainty.
US State Department spokesman Ned Price said that US envoy to the Horn of Africa Jeffrey Feltman discussed the Ethiopian crisis with Kenyan President Uhur Kenyatta in Nairobi a few days ago, then returned to resume his efforts in Addis Ababa.
Price confirmed in a press conference in Washington that Kenyatta stressed a number of common points, including the cessation of hostilities, considering the only political solution to the crisis, and rejecting incitement to violence.
On Monday, the African Union submitted to the UN Security Council 5 main demands for a peaceful solution to the fighting crisis in Ethiopia.
This came according to what Olusegun Obasanjo, the representative of the Union of the Horn of Africa, said at a Security Council session held at the United Nations Permanent Headquarters in New York on the situation in Ethiopia.
Obasanjo called on council members (15 countries) to call on the Ethiopian government and the Tigray Liberation Front to “enter into a dialogue without any preconditions and to agree to an immediate ceasefire.”
He added, “It is also necessary to call for humanitarian, unrestricted and sustainable access to all those in need in the country, respect for international humanitarian law, and the launch of an inclusive national dialogue.”
Obasanjo told the Security Council that during the past 48 hours he had visited Mekele, the capital of Tigray region, and held consultations with the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed, the heads of the Tigray Liberation Front and the Oromo region and others (he did not name them).
He explained that he will visit Amhara and Afar on Tuesday, and expressed his hope that by the end of the week he will present a plan that includes allowing humanitarian access and withdrawing the warring forces in Ethiopia.
The US State Department said on Monday that Washington believed there was a small window to work with the African Union to make progress in ending the conflict with the return of US envoy to the Horn of Africa Jeffrey Feltman to Addis Ababa. On Monday, the African Union held a closed meeting to discuss the crisis.
The Ethiopian delegate to the United Nations, Tai Atskilasi Amde, affirmed that his country is ready to hold a comprehensive national dialogue after it is able to stop the progress of the Tigray Liberation Front.
Amadi said that Ethiopia believes that a regional solution is the best way to help Addis Ababa to overcome the current crisis.
And the Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abi Ahmed, has previously stressed that his country will not disintegrate and will remain united and will defeat those he described as its enemies.
At a fundraising event for the war effort, Abiy Ahmed called on his people to support Ethiopia with money and serve it with science.
These statements come at a time when the fighting is escalating in the north, as the Ethiopian Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Radwan Hussein said that the decision not to negotiate with groups that were classified as terrorist is still in place.
The minister added that Addis Ababa will not succumb to the pressures being exerted on it and that it adheres to the independence of its decision.
And the French news agency quoted the commander of the Oromo Liberation Army in Ethiopia, Gal Moro, as saying that his forces approached the capital, Addis Ababa, and were preparing to launch another attack, and he expected the war to end very soon.
The OLA commander emphasized that the federal government is only trying to buy time and provoke a civil war in the country and that is why it is calling on the people to fight.
Twelve political parties in Oromia region (Ethiopia’s largest region) pledged their full support to the government’s efforts to eliminate what they described as terrorist groups.
The Oromia parties indicated in a joint statement that the “Ong Sheni” group has become affiliated with the Tigray Liberation Front, and accused it of attacking civilians and looting their property in the regions of Waleja and Goji in the Oromia region.
These parties made it clear that the alliance of the Tigrayan Front and the “Aung Sheni” group committed acts described as terrorist, and this reflects their indifference to the Ethiopian people, according to the statement.
The parties pledged to contribute to security operations to eliminate these groups, which they described as terrorist.