Sunday, November 28

Sudan.. A call to demonstrate in the capital in a “million” November 13 and a court orders the restoration of Internet service

The Sudanese Professionals Association called on citizens to participate in a million people next Saturday to face what it called a “military coup”, at a time when a Sudanese court ruled today, Tuesday, to restore internet service to the country after 15 days of almost complete interruption since the army announced its recent decisions.

In a statement on Twitter, the Sudanese Professionals Association confirmed that it was moving forward with the escalation against the decisions of the army commander, Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, foremost of which was the dissolution of the Sovereignty Council and the overthrow of the government of Abdullah Hamdok.

Yesterday, the People’s Resistance Committees in the capital, Khartoum, launched an invitation to participate in what it called “a million” on November 13 (next Saturday), under the slogan “No negotiation, no partnership, no legitimacy.”

In the same context, opposition forces began today, Tuesday, to block streets with barricades, as part of their plan to escalate the confrontation with the military.

The Steering Committee of the Judicial Authority Workers in Sudan also announced a strike and civil disobedience on Tuesday and Wednesday, in rejection of the army’s coup against the transitional government.

The committee said in a statement that it “will carry out a strike and disobedience on Tuesday and Wednesday, and Thursday a protest pause.”

And she stressed that “civil disobedience is a right guaranteed in accordance with the law, and it expresses the rejection of the unjust decisions issued by the army commander and his coup against the authority of the transitional period.”

This is the first announcement of disobedience and strike by the steering committee of the judiciary staff that was formed after the fall of the Omar al-Bashir regime in April 2019.

After the overthrow of Omar al-Bashir’s regime, the professional unions’ boards of directors were dissolved in December of the same year, given that they were under his control, and later steering committees were formed to manage these unions.

Ruling on the return of the Internet

On the other hand, the General Court in Khartoum issued a ruling to restore internet service after an almost complete interruption for 15 days.

On October 25, the army commander, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, declared a state of emergency in the country, dissolving the Sovereignty Councils and the transitional ministers, releasing the governors, and arresting party leaders, ministers and officials, in return for continuous protests rejecting and repeated calls for civil disobedience and international criticism calling for the return of the transitional government.

In conjunction with these measures, internet service was cut off from the capital, Khartoum, and most areas of the country, according to eyewitnesses and local and international sources.

In early November, the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Sudan, Volker Peretz, said during a press conference in Khartoum, “Internet services are still cut off most of the time, which affects the ability of people to receive information, express their views and communicate, and the situation He’s still tense.”

In a statement dated October 26, Amnesty International also expressed its concern about the escalation of tensions in Sudan and the disruption of the Internet.

Regional and international mediators, including the United Nations, the Arab League and the State of South Sudan, have been seeking for more than a week to resume the transitional government’s work, and to return the situation in the country to before the procedures of the Sudanese army commander.

The handover of power

In turn, the leader of the National Program Call Forces, Naji Mustafa, called on the Sudanese army to benefit from the mistakes of the past, and to hand over power in all its branches to a civilian government.

Naji Mustafa also stressed – in a press conference for the coalition – the need for the role of the Sudanese army to be limited to security issues and to ensure the transitional phase in the country.

Meanwhile, the leader of the National Program Call Forces, El-Tijani El-Sisi, stated that the delay in forming a new government opens the door to foreign interventions.

At a press conference for the coalition in Khartoum, he called on Army Commander Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan to expedite the appointment of a new prime minister as soon as possible.

For his part, the spokesman for the Forces of Freedom and Change, Al-Wathiq Al-Barir, said that Al-Burhan’s talk about commitment to the democratic transition is an important step that must be followed by practical steps, foremost of which is lifting the state of emergency and releasing political detainees, led by Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok.

And he demanded an end to the arrest campaigns and what he described as illegal procedures, whose number of decisions has reached nearly 400 since the seizure of power.

Al-Barir affirmed that the Central Council desires a partnership with the military component to manage the transitional period according to an agreed constitutional reference.

The American position

Internationally, US State Department spokesman Ned Price stressed that the common position of Washington and its allies and partners towards Sudan is to restore the transitional government with civilian leadership.

In response to a question by Al-Jazeera correspondent about whether Washington will accept a solution that does not include canceling the decisions taken by the Sudanese army on the 25th of last month; Price stressed that the US position reflects the aspirations of the Sudanese people.

And US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken previously made it clear that his country and Egypt have a common interest in returning Sudan’s democratic transition to its tracks.

On the sidelines of the Egyptian-American strategic dialogue, which began on Monday in Washington, the US Secretary of State stressed the need to stop violence against demonstrators in Sudan and restore the transitional government.

“We stressed the importance of the Sudanese parties’ involvement in negotiations to reach a solution to the crisis,” he said, adding that the lack of stability in Sudan affected the Horn of Africa.

don’t back down

The Commander-in-Chief of the Sudanese army had said that he would not back down from the decision to dissolve the government and declare a state of emergency, stressing that the problem in Sudan is not in the person of the ousted Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok.

Al-Burhan indicated – in exclusive statements to Al-Jazeera – that the problem in his country lies in the way the state was managed in the previous stage, and in the contents of the constitutional document itself, as well as in the way the political forces deal with the executive body.

The Commander of the Rapid Support Forces in Sudan, Lieutenant-General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (Hemedti), described – in his first statement since last October 25 – the decisions of the General Commander of the Army, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, that they came to correct the course of the revolution and preserve the security and stability of the country.

In a recorded speech, Hemedti said that the decisions of last October 25 were “caused by the failure of reform due to the adherence of a small group to power,” stressing the commitment to democratic transition, holding elections in 2023, and forming an independent civilian government.

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