Saturday, November 27

All about pregnancy hormone and prolactin

What is the pregnancy hormone? What is the milk hormone? And when the pregnancy hormone appears in the urine and blood? What is the normal rate of prolactin in the blood? What is the percentage of the normal pregnancy hormone? The answers to these and other questions are in this comprehensive report.

What is the pregnancy hormone?

The pregnancy hormone is a common name for “human chorionic gonadotropin” (hCG), which is formed only during pregnancy and is formed almost exclusively in the placenta. According to the Johns Hopkins Medicine website.

Levels of human chorionic gonadotropin in the mother’s blood and urine rise a lot during the first trimester of pregnancy. It may play a role in nausea and vomiting often associated with pregnancy.

What is the percentage of the normal pregnancy hormone?

Here we present a table of the percentage of the pregnancy hormone, according to the “Pregnancy, Birth and Baby) funded by the Australian Government.

When does the pregnancy hormone appear in urine and blood?

The pregnancy hormone appears in the blood and urine of a pregnant woman as early as 10 days after conception.

What is the percentage of the pregnancy hormone in a woman who is carrying twins?

In twin pregnancies, hCG levels may be 30-50% higher than in singleton pregnancies.

What is the milk hormone?

Prolactin is a hormone made by the pituitary gland, a small gland at the base of the brain. According to Medline Plus database.

Prolactin causes breast growth and milk production during pregnancy and after childbirth. Prolactin levels are usually elevated in pregnant women and new mothers. Levels are usually low in non-pregnant women and men.

What is the normal rate of prolactin in the blood?

  • Males: 2 to 18 nanograms per milliliter (ng/ml)
  • Non-pregnant females: 2 to 29 ng/ml
  • Pregnant females: 10 to 209 ng/ml

What are the possible causes of high prolactin?

  • Prolactinoma (a type of pituitary tumor). Prolactinomas are usually benign (noncancerous). But if left untreated, these tumors can damage the surrounding tissue.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Disease of the hypothalamus, an area of ​​the brain that controls the pituitary gland and other bodily functions
  • Liver disease

What happens if prolactin levels are higher than normal?

If prolactin levels are higher than normal, excess prolactin can cause breast milk to be produced in men and women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding.

In women, excessive prolactin secretion can also lead to menstrual problems and infertility (the inability to become pregnant). In men, it can lead to low sex drive and erectile dysfunction.

When pregnancy occurs after treatment of high milk hormone?

There are treatments given to lower prolactin, and usually the level of prolactin begins to decrease 2 to 3 weeks after starting treatment.

After the return of prolactin to its normal levels, the ovaries generally return to their normal function, and the majority of women are then able to become pregnant.

Of course, there are other factors that may affect the possibility of pregnancy, such as the age and quality of the husband’s sperm, and any other health problems in the couple that may affect fertility.



Reference-www.aljazeera.net

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