America blesses and revolutionary forces refuse.. Hamdok returns to his position and intends to form a technocratic government focused on democratic transition
Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok resumed his duties on Sunday evening after signing a political agreement with the army chief, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, to end the political crisis in the country.
Hamdok began his duties from his office in Khartoum, and called on the Sudanese to agree and preserve bloodshed.
The agreement came about a month after Hamdok was dismissed and arrested and several members of his government, in a move considered by the army to correct the course of the revolution.
Hamdok told Al Jazeera that his signing of the agreement aims to spare the blood of the Sudanese and preserve the gains of the past two years, stressing that he agreed with the army leadership to hold elections before July 2023.
He added that the main idea in the next government is that it is a government of independent technocrats, stressing that it will focus on limited issues, foremost of which is the democratic transition.
He added, “Building confidence between the Sudanese parties requires clarity, seriousness and openness of heart,” noting that he had contacted a wide range of political forces while he was under house arrest.
Following the signing of the agreement, the head of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, said that the new agreement with Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok established a real transitional phase, and that what had been achieved had been worked on since before last October 25, as he put it.
He stressed that the political blockage made it necessary for the army to stop the transition process, and to reconsider what was done and will be done in the future.
Al-Burhan thanked Hamdok, stressing that he was part of the mediation team between the military and civilian components, and he is “a source of our trust and appreciation,” according to him.
“We do not want to exclude anyone or any party in Sudan, and we pledge to the people to reach free and fair elections by the end of the transitional period,” he said.
On the other hand, Al-Jazeera correspondent quoted the ministers of the “Freedom and Change-Central Council” coalition in the isolated Sudanese government, who rejected the Burhan and Hamdok agreement.
In the same context, the Sudanese authorities released 4 political detainees, including Omar Al-Digair and Yasser Arman.
Terms of Agreement
The agreement between the head of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, and the ousted Prime Minister, Abdullah Hamdok, stipulates the return of the latter as prime minister during the transitional period, and the release of civilian leaders detained since the army seized power at the end of last October.
The agreement also includes completing consultations with political forces with the exception of the National Congress, and continuing the procedures for constitutional, legal and political consensus that govern the transitional period.
The agreement stipulates full adherence to the constitutional document until it is amended with the approval of all, and those involved in the killing of demonstrators are held accountable.
The two parties also agreed that the Sovereignty Council will supervise the implementation of the tasks of the transitional period without interference in the executive work, as well as emphasizing that the partnership between civilians and the military is the guarantor of Sudan’s security.
The agreement included investigations into the events that took place in the demonstrations, including injuries and deaths, and bringing the perpetrators to trial.
On the other hand, a demonstration took place in the three cities of the Sudanese capital (Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman), rejecting the political agreement, and demanding the return of civil authority and retribution for the dead.
Political forces had called for demonstrations this afternoon, Sunday, in Khartoum and the states in protest against the decisions of the army chief, and to demand the formation of a civil state.
Video clips showed protesters chanting slogans against the Prime Minister, Abdullah Hamdok, after signing the political agreement with Al-Burhan.
— Osman Abu Saleh (@osmanabusalih) November 21, 2021
The Sudanese Doctors Committee said that a protester was shot dead by the army during protests in the city of Omdurman.
“This brings the death toll since last October 25 to 41,” she added in a statement.
Earlier, the Central Committee of Sudan Doctors said that security forces used tear gas to disperse the protesters as they approached the presidential palace.
The committee added that the security forces fired tear gas inside the Khartoum Teaching Hospital without taking into account the injured and sick.
Unified office of doctors
The coup regime forces continue their blatant attacks on hospitals and health facilities. Where recently, tear gas was fired inside Khartoum Teaching Hospital, without regard to the sanctity of the hospital and the injured and patients in the hospital. pic.twitter.com/qTcd7twM9W
— Central Committee of Doctors of Sudan – CCSD (@SD_DOCTORS) November 21, 2021
Politically, the “Forces of Freedom and Change-Central Council Group” alliance announced its adherence to its position rejecting any negotiations or partnership with what it described as illegal putschists.
The Central Council for Freedom and Change confirmed that it was not interested in any agreement with what it described as the brute junta, declaring action by all peaceful means to bring it down, as the statement says.
Central Council member Jamal Idris had said for the island The new agreement represents Hamdok alone and does not represent the forces of freedom and change, declaring the determination to continue escalation through demonstrations to bring him down, considering that Hamdok acquiesced to the demands of those he described as putschists.
The Sudanese Professionals Association announced its rejection of the political agreement signed earlier today, Sunday, between the army and Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok, describing it as a betrayal agreement.
The assembly said in a statement, “The treason agreement is totally rejected, and concerns only its parties.”
The Unionist Rally Party also announced its rejection of any agreement with the military component, stressing its bias towards the street and the escalation of the political struggle against the military until the handover of power to a purely civilian government.
On the other hand, the head of the National Umma Party, Fadlallah Barama Nasser, supported the political agreement.
Nasser said that the agreement on Hamdok came according to what he finds acceptance at home and abroad, as he put it.
For his part, the Secretary-General of the People’s Congress Party, Muhammad Badr al-Din, told Al-Jazeera that the political agreement was acceptable, because he talked about expanding the base of participation and rejecting political exclusion.
As for Mohamed Zakaria, a leader of the Sudanese Justice and Equality Movement and the National Charter Front, he told Al Jazeera that the agreement is a historic step that will contribute to stopping the political tension.
Al-Burhan (center) and Hemedti (left) meet with the ousted Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok before signing the political agreement (Al-Jazeera)
As for US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, he urged all parties in Sudan to hold further talks to complete the transitional tasks with civilian leadership.
The US Secretary of State praised the Sudanese agreement, but warned against the use of excessive violence against the demonstrators.
“I am encouraged by reports that the talks in Khartoum will lead to the release of all political prisoners, the reinstatement of Prime Minister Hamdok, the lifting of the state of emergency and the resumption of coordination,” Blinken wrote on Twitter.
“I also reiterate our call to the security forces to refrain from using excessive force against peaceful demonstrators,” he added.
before the agreement
Hamdok had held a meeting with the army chief, Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and his deputy, Muhammad Hamdan Daglo (Hemedti), while political forces announced their rejection of his agreement with the military component.
And earlier today, Sunday, the Sudanese army lifted the house arrest of the ousted Prime Minister, Abdullah Hamdok, after an agreement with him to return to his position during the transitional period, while protests against previous decisions of the military component continue.
The office of the ousted Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok told Reuters that the Sudanese army lifted restrictions on Hamdok’s movements, and withdrew the security forces that were stationed outside his house on Sunday.
Hamdok and his wife were arrested at dawn last October 25, before they were returned to their home the next evening and placed under house arrest.