Sunday, November 28

The Independent: South Sudan .. 10 years after its separation, millions are still displaced

It was published by the British “The Independent”. report On South Sudan, 10 years after its secession, she said that this newest country in the world is witnessing a continuous deterioration in all aspects of life.

She explained in the report – written by her correspondent Rachel Chason – that violence is still widespread, despite the fact that the civil war ended in 2018, and that 1.6 million people are still internally displaced, with 2.3 million others in neighboring countries, and that internal displacement camps are witnessing an increase in The number of sheltering them has not decreased, as officials had hoped.

She said that South Sudanese had hoped that secession would bring roads, schools and hospitals, but their country, which was ranked on secession day in November 2011 as one of the world’s least developed countries, is still close to the bottom of the list today.

continued violence

Violence remains widespread, with the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan saying “staggering” levels of violence in many areas threaten to spiral out of control. Implementation of the basic principles of the 2018 peace agreement has been repeatedly delayed, including the creation of a unified army. Analysts warn that divisions within the parties of President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Vice President Riek Machar threaten further instability.

Several government leaders – including Salva Kiir and Machar – have been accused of amassing fortunes amid rising violence, and a recent United Nations report outlined the extent to which corruption has persisted since 2018.

frustration of the international community

The writer said that the international community is frustrated by the lack of progress in a country where two-thirds of the population depends on humanitarian aid, while donor countries have reduced their aid and United Nations protection forces have shifted from displacement camps to conflict hot spots in the country.

She noted that lawmakers in Washington are currently calling for a comprehensive reform of US policy on South Sudan, which receives about $1 billion in US aid annually.

And the writer attributed to Senator James Risch – who is interested in what is happening in South Sudan – saying that the aspirations of the people of South Sudan have not only been achieved, but they are now worse off than they were at the time of separation.

Deng Dao Deng Malik, Deputy Foreign Minister of South Sudan, said his government would like to see the displacement camps closed. He believed that cooperation between the country’s president and vice president – the two men who plunged the country into civil war – should generate trust among the population and push them to return to their villages. But he acknowledged that people could remain in the camps for years to come in a precarious position.

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