Today, Monday, 12 of the dismissed ministers, by a decision of the commander of the Sudanese army, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, announced their written resignations to the head of the transitional government, Abdullah Hamdok, in protest of the political agreement, at a time when Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (Hemedti) confirmed that the political agreement aims to correct the democratic path in his country.
On Sunday, Hamdok and Al-Burhan signed a political agreement to overcome the crisis in the country, according to which Hamdok returned to his position as prime minister. The agreement stipulated that the partnership between civilians and the military is the guarantor of the security of Sudan.
The agreement – whose signing ceremony was attended by a number of political and military leaders – included 14 articles, most notably the cancellation of the decision to relieve Hamdok from heading the government, the release of all political detainees, and the supervision of the Sovereign Council over the transitional period.
The ministers said in a statement, “We submitted our resignations in writing to the Prime Minister, and it was handed over to him.”
The statement did not explain the reason for submitting their resignations, but it came after a statement in which they expressed their rejection of the agreement on Sunday, considering that it legitimizes the military coup, according to the website of the Ministry of Culture and Information.
Earlier, a former minister in the Sudanese government told Al Jazeera that “the ministers of the Forces of Freedom and Change – the Central Council group will hold a meeting today with Hamdok to find out the reasons that prompted him to conclude the political agreement with Al-Burhan.”
While regional and international countries and organizations welcomed the agreement on Sunday, it was rejected by isolated ministers, political parties and coalitions, including the “Declaration of Freedom and Change” forces and the Association of Professionals, and Sudanese cities witnessed protests rejecting it.
But Hamdok said, “Among the reasons for my return is to preserve economic gains and economic openness to the world.”
In an interview with Reuters at his residence in Khartoum, where he was under house arrest, Hamdok said, “We expect the performance of the technocratic government to have a positive impact on economic performance and the livelihood of citizens.”
“The technocratic government can help improve the Sudanese economy, which has suffered from a prolonged crisis that includes one of the highest inflation rates in the world, as well as a shortage of basic commodities,” he added.
Earlier, Hamdok told Al Jazeera that one of the most important terms of the agreement is that the Prime Minister has complete freedom to form an independent government, adding that all political detainees will be released soon.
Hamdok stressed that the main idea in the next government is for a government of independent Sudanese technocrats.
Regarding its most important tasks, Hamdok told Al Jazeera that it will focus on very limited issues, foremost of which is the implementation of the democratic transition and its benefits, in addition to maintaining peace and implementing the Juba Agreement.
For his part, Lieutenant-General Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo, Commander of the Rapid Support Forces and Vice-President of the Sudanese Sovereign Council said today, Monday, that “the political parties that signed the political agreement pledged to work together to complete the path of democratic correction, and to make the transitional period a success, leading to a government elected by the people.”
He added, during his meeting with Sudanese police officers in Khartoum, that the measures taken on October 25 were to correct the course of the December revolution (2018).
Hemedti called on regional and international partners to support Sudan to achieve democratic transition and hold elections at the end of the transitional period.
release of detainees
Meanwhile, the Sudanese authorities began releasing a number of political detainees they have been holding since October 25.
A spokesman for the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party in Sudan told Al Jazeera that the party’s leader, Ali al-Rih al-Sanhouri, had been released. Al-Jazeera correspondent also said that the leader of the Forces for Freedom and Change Alliance and the head of the Sudanese Congress Party, Omar Al-Digair, was released.
Prior to this release, an informed sovereign source told Al-Jazeera correspondent in Sudan that 4 political detainees had been released.
The source explained that the detainees are the head of the Sudanese Congress Party Omar Al-Digir, Al-Siddiq Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi, the assistant head of the Umma Party, Yasser Arman, the advisor to the Prime Minister, and the Secretary of the Baath Socialist Party Ali Al-Sanhouri, stressing that the authorities have initiated the procedures for their release.
refusal of the agreement
On the other hand, the Sudan Liberation Movement led by Abdel Wahed Nour announced its rejection of the political agreement, and considered it in a statement – a copy of which Al Jazeera received – a legitimization of what it described as the military coup and a throwback from the goals and slogans of the December revolution, in reference to the demonstrations that erupted in December 2018 and ended with the overthrow of the regime of Omar al-Bashir.
For its part, the Forces for Freedom and Change – the Central Council group announced its rejection of the agreement, stressing that it did not address the roots of the crisis produced by what the coalition described as the October 25 coup. He stressed that his position is that there is no negotiation, no partnership, and no legitimacy for the putschists, as he described it.
Central Council member Jamal Idris told Al Jazeera that the new agreement represents Hamdok alone and does not represent the forces of freedom and change, declaring the determination to continue escalation through demonstrations to bring him down, and considering that Hamdok acquiesced to the demands of those he described as putschists.
In turn, the Sudanese Professionals Association described the agreement as a betrayal, and announced its rejection of it altogether. He said – in a statement – that the agreement came in response to the wishes of those he described as putschists and an attempt to legitimize the coup and as a political suicide for Hamdok, as he put it.
The former spokeswoman for the Sudanese Communist Party, Amal Al-Zein, confirmed to Al-Jazeera her party’s rejection of the new agreement, calling on political forces to unite in order to bring it down.
Internationally, African Union Commission Chairperson Moussa Faki hailed the political agreement as an important step in returning to constitutional status.
For its part, the United Nations Integrated Mission to Support Transitional Governance welcomed what it described as a consensus on resolving the constitutional and political crisis that was threatening the stability of the country.
The Troika, the European Union, Switzerland and Canada also welcomed the political agreement and the release of the prime minister, but urged in a joint statement the immediate release of all other political detainees across Sudan, not just in Khartoum.
The statement stressed that the next steps should meet the aspirations of the people through a genuine consultative approach to establish the remaining transitional institutions.
German Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Andrei Zasse also said that Berlin is looking at developments in Sudan with caution and positively evaluating the agreement that has been reached.
In turn, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken urged all Sudanese parties to conduct further talks and redouble efforts to complete key transitional tasks with civilian leadership toward democracy in Sudan.