The president signed it and then considered it a “sale of dreams” .. Law 38 opens the wound of the unemployed in Tunisia
Recent figures published by the National Institute of Statistics on Population and Employment revealed that there are 762.6 thousand unemployed people in Tunisia out of the total active population, an increase of 16 thousand compared to the second quarter of the same year.
Tunisia – The Tunisian president’s decision not to activate a law requiring the employment of thousands of unemployed people with higher degrees caused a wave of anger among this group, which saw this as a violation of the state’s pledges and a conflict in the actions of the president, who had previously signed the law and ordered its publication in the country’s official gazette.
On July 29, 2020, the Tunisian parliament ratified by a majority of 159 deputies an additional chapter in the Finance Bill for the year 2021 to allocate funds to finance the assignment of 10,000 unemployed graduates who have been unemployed for 10 years in accordance with Law No. 38 issued on 13 August 2020 relating to exceptional provisions for assignment in the public sector.
On August 16 of the same year, the President of the Republic, Qais Saeed, signed the law, and ordered its publication in the country’s Official Gazette to become one of the laws in force for the state.
A few days ago, Saeed said, during his meeting with the Minister of Employment and a group of unemployed certificate holders, that this law was set up “as a tool for governance and to contain anger and sell dreams, not for implementation,” noting that no regulatory order was issued to implement it.
Many unemployed certificate holders whose unemployment period exceeded 10 years pinned great hopes on this law to end their suffering and gradually integrate them into public employment over a period of 4 years, at a time when the unemployment rate reached 18.4% during the third quarter of 2021.
Recent figures published by the National Institute of Statistics on Population and Employment revealed that there are 762.6 thousand unemployed people in Tunisia out of the total working population, an increase of 16 thousand compared to the second quarter of the same year.
State law binding
The Secretary-General of the Union of Unemployed Degree Holders, Sharif Al-Kharaifi, confirmed in a statement to Al-Jazeera Net that the state is obligated to implement its commitments, and a law ratified by Parliament and signed by the President of the Republic and ordered to be published in the country’s Official Gazette, according to him, cannot be repealed.
Al-Kharaifi considered that the President of the Republic “contradicted himself when he passed the law relating to the employment of certificate holders whose unemployment has been prolonged, and ordered its publication in the country’s Official Gazette.
Our speaker denounced Qais Saeed’s description of the law as “a sale of dreams”, but added, “If this is his position, he is also a partner in selling dreams to young people when he ratified and sealed it.”
He stressed that he and the rest of the unemployed youth will not accept their position as fuel for political battles and settling accounts between Parliament and the President of the Republic, stressing their readiness to engage in all forms of peaceful struggle in order to defend their right to work.
He concluded, “The president’s government will face a hot winter if it does not prioritize the solution of the social file and the implementation of the mandate law, and we call on the President of the Republic to retract his position.”
Dozens of unemployed people with higher degrees began to engage in protest movements in more than one Tunisian governorate, such as Kasserine, Monastir, Gafsa and Kairouan, some of whom arrived to storm the provincial headquarters to denounce the statements of the President of the Republic.
Parliament Presidency on line
In turn, Parliament Speaker Rached Ghannouchi, whose work has been suspended, confirmed the legitimacy of this law, recalling in a statement issued by the Presidency of Parliament that the President of the Republic took over its signature and permission to publish it in the Official Gazette, “which makes its application a duty within the logic of the state’s continuity and respect for its commitments with its citizens.”
The People’s Movement, which supports President Qais Saeed’s measures, called on the government to distance itself from the political calculations that accompanied the drafting and ratification of the law, and to issue the related regulatory order, recalling that it was the owner of its own legislative initiative.
Speaking to Al-Jazeera Net, the leader of the People’s Movement, Abdul Razzaq Oweidat, considered that the position of the President of the Republic regarding the activation of Law No. 38 came from his desire to be frank with the people and this particular group with the truth and reality in which the country is living.
And he considered that his party, although it understands the position of the President of the Republic not to decide on this law in light of the exceptional procedures, but it calls on him, in return, to find formulas for its implementation later, as it is a binding law that was co-drafted and ratified by Parliament and the Presidencies of the Government and the Republic.
The Minister of Employment and Vocational Training Nasr El-Din Al-Nusabi explained earlier that the President of the Republic “was sincere” during his meeting with a group of unemployed youth, assuring them that the authorities that issued the law “did not have the intention of implementing it, but rather were only seeking to lie to the Young people and selling them false dreams and hopes.”
The minister said that the President of the Republic informed the youth of the state of the public service, which is witnessing great pressure, which prevents it from absorbing more employees and new assignments.