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Do you know the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World? Here are also the new seven wonders of the world and the seven wonders of nature

People remained loyal to the Seven Wonders of the World for a long time, perhaps exaggerated, and were miraculously dedicated by Greek travelers who toured the neighboring regions, so the list was not universal.

And the wonders of the ancient world do not really include the largest or most important of what was in the era of these travelers, after they moved between Egypt, Babylon, Persia, Turkey and Greece.

How was the idea of ​​the Seven Wonders born?

The Seven Wonders of the World are examples of the contributions of the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean and the Middle East, where there is a past rich with historical constructions that tell stories of human achievement.

Hellenic travelers carefully noted these structures in travel guides, works of art and poems, National Geographic reports, noting that although lists of wonders were created as early as the fifth century BC, the Greek writer Antipater of Sidon (after Sidon or Sidon on The southern Lebanese coast) in the second century, celebrated in poetry these heroic deeds of human power in the second century, and dedicated them more.

The three pyramids – including the Great Pyramid of Khufu – are ancient wonders, and it is the only one that has survived until this age (pixels)

What are the seven ancient wonders of the world?

It includes the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World:

  1. Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
  2. Temple of Artemis in Ephesus.
  3. Statue of Zeus in Olympia.
  4. Mausoleum of Mausolus in Helicarnassus.
  5. Statue of Rhodes.
  6. Lighthouse of Alexandria.
  7. Giza pyramid.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Encyclopedia of Civilization Story by Will Durant – completed by his wife, Earl after his death – (in Part Two, pg. 199) mentions one of the Seven Wonders of the World, namely: The Hanging Gardens in Babylon built by Nebuchadnezzar after his marriage to the daughter of Sixsars, King of the Medes, and the princess yearned for The green of her country, and for this he built wonderful gardens with fragrant and diverse trees and flowers, and made canals from the Euphrates River pass through it and reach the highest layer of it with water machines.

It is believed that the Hanging Gardens were built about 600 years ago, as there is no evidence of their existence.

Temple of Artemis in Ephesus

Durant mentions in Part VI p.261 the Greek Temple of Artemis, where the eastern gods of motherhood and fertility were worshiped. The temple was destroyed and rebuilt twice, and it was the largest Greek temple at the time. It was 115 meters high and 55 meters wide, and only a few of its wrecks remain today.

And this temple, which was located in Ephesus in western Turkey today, was said by Philo of Byzantium: “I saw the ancient walls of Babylon, and its Hanging Gardens, and the statue of Olympian Zeus, and the Colossus of Rhodes, and the mighty works of the high pyramids, and the tomb of Mausolus. But when I saw the temple in Ephesus rising to The clouds have put all these other wonders in the shade,” according to National Geographic.

Statue of Zeus in Greece

In western Greece, in Olympia, there is a statue of Zeus, which is one of the wonders, and was one of the most famous statues in ancient times, and it was 12 meters high, but it was destroyed in an earthquake in the fifth century BC.

Mausoleum of Mausolus in Helicarnassus

Mausoleum of Mausolus built between 353 and 350 BC, by Greek architects. It was built for the Persian emperor, his wife and sister, and its height is about 41 meters, and a series of earthquakes left only a few scattered pieces of its foundation.

Statue of Rhodes

The statue of the Greek god Apollo has always received visitors to the ancient island of Rhodes, east of the Aegean Sea. It was carved between 292 and 280 BC, 33 meters high, and was named the Colossus of Rhodes. The statue was a monument to victory marking the defeat of Demetrius’s invading army in 304 BC.

It only survived for 56 years, as it was destroyed by an earthquake in 224 BC.

One of the beaches of AlexandriaOne of the beaches of Alexandria currently, where the “Lighthouse of Alexandria” was one of the ancient wonders of the world (the island)

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was built on the island of Pharos on the port of Alexandria, survived until the year 965 AD, when it was severely affected by an earthquake followed by several earthquakes, and it completely disappeared by the year 1480. Its construction was completed between 285 and 247 BC. This ancient lighthouse is considered a masterpiece and served as a model for all the lighthouses that came after it, and its length reached 107 meters.

Pyramid of Giza Khufu

All the ancient seven wonders of the world were destroyed except for the Pyramid of Giza Khufu, which is registered among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, was built more than two thousand years BC, and its height is about 150 meters.

How was the idea of ​​the new seven wonders of the world born?

And because the Seven Wonders of the World are ancient and most of them have disappeared, it was necessary to carry out an update. Therefore, the New Wonders Foundation launchedNew7wondersThe Swiss campaign in 2000 to identify the New Seven Wonders of the World, and the Pyramid of Giza, the only participant in it, is still standing.

More than 100 million people voted online or by text for the new wonder, and the final results that were announced were released, to cheers as well as some mockery, according to Britannica.

What are the new seven wonders of the world?

The new seven wonders of the world were announced on July 7, 2007 (7/7/2007), and this vote is the largest in the world, as 7 new wonders were chosen, namely:

  1. The Great Wall of China, in China.
  2. Chichen Itza pyramid, Yucatan, Mexico.
  3. Petra, in Ma’an, Jordan.
  4. The ancient city of Machu Picchu, in Cuzco, Peru.
  5. Statue of Christ the Redeemer, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  6. The Colosseum, in Rome, Italy.
  7. The Taj Mahal, in Agra, India.

Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is considered the largest building in the world. Work began on it in the 7th century BC and its construction continued for two thousand years.

The Great Wall of China began to be built BC and continued onwards - pixelsThe Great Wall of China began to be built BC and continued beyond (pixels)

Chichen Itza pyramid

The Chichen Itza pyramid is located in Yucatan, Mexico, for the Mayan tribe, and is 24 meters high.

Chichen Itza Step Pyramid in the Ancient Few Mayan City - PixelChichen Itza pyramid of the ancient Maya of Mexico (pixels)

Petra

Petra, the ancient Jordanian city that the Nabateans took as their capital, and dug into its pink rock their homes, temples and graves.

Machu Picchu ancient city

Machu Picchu in Cuzco, Peru, the secret Inca stronghold, access to the top of this mountain requires climbing the “Stairs of Death”, the stone stairs built by the Inca, that lead to the top of Huayna Picchu in the 15th century.

Machu Picchu was built in Peru at the foot of the Andes in the middle of the fifteenth century - pixelsMachu Picchu built in Peru at the foot of the Andes in the middle of the 15th century (pixels)

Christ the Redeemer statue

The statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on the top of Corcovado Mountain, is 30 meters tall and was built in 1926.

Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, BrazilChrist the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from the New Seven Wonders of the World (pixel)

Colosseum

The Colosseum in Rome, a remarkable engineering feat that accommodates 50,000 spectators, watched different types of wrestling. Built in the first century.

The famous Colosseum of Rome, the greatest scene of the clash between people and between people and animals - pixelsThe famous Colosseum of Rome was the largest theater of wrestling (pixels)

The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal in Agra, the most famous mausoleum in India, was built in the 17th century by Emperor Shah Jahan in honor of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died while giving birth to her fourteenth child.

The Taj Mahal in India is one of the new seven wonders of the world, and it is a mausoleum for the emperor's wife - PixelThe Taj Mahal in India is the mausoleum of the emperor’s wife (pixel)

What are the seven natural wonders of the world?

As for the seven wonders of nature, according to the website (New 7 wonders), they are:

  1. Amazon Rainforest and River in South America.
    Aerial view of green mangrove forest and Amazon river landscape (Shutterstock)
  2. crocodile or komodo dragon in Iceland
    Komodo Island, one of the Seven Wonders of Nature (Shutterstock)
  3. Ha Long Bay Bay in Vietnam
    Ha Long Bay, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam, One of the Seven Wonders of Nature (Shutterstock)
  4. Hanging Table Mountain in South Africa
    Table Mountain is one of the seven natural wonders (communication sites)
  5. BP Underground River in the Philippines.
  6. Iguazu Falls between Brazil and Argentina.
    Iguazu Falls, one of the Seven Wonders of Nature (Getty Images)
  7. Jeju Island in South Korea.
Jeju Island, one of the Seven Wonders of Nature (Shutterstock)

Why was the number 7 adopted in choosing the wonders of the world?

The number 7 seems to be of great importance, as it was prominent before the existence of monotheistic religions and other religions in ancient civilizations, the seven days were the names of the seven planets that were previously known in Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, even the colors of the rainbow 7.

Pythagoras gives special attention to the number 7, as it is the sum of 3 spiritual and 4 physical, as well as for the presence of 7 tones in the musical scale, and the date of 7/7/2007 was chosen to announce the new seven wonders of the world.

Why is the number 7 considered a lucky number?The number 7 is of great importance, as it was prominent before the existence of monotheistic religions and other religions in ancient civilizations, and that is why 7 Wonders (Shutterstock) was chosen.

Have you visited one of the Seven Wonders of the World?

The New Seven Wonders website Video To select the New Seven Wonders of the Man-made World, the New Seven Wonders of Nature, and the New Seven Wonders of Cities, through the largest vote in the world, indicating the economic importance of this movement in the whole world.

Have you visited one of the Seven Wonders of the World, old, new, or natural?

More variety



Reference-www.aljazeera.net

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