The abolition of the position of the Mufti in Syria .. Is it excluding the Sunni component from influential positions

Since the beginning of the Syrian revolution, the Assad regime has tried to establish the idea that the target is the Alawite sect, and with its sense of victory over the revolution, it is working to remove the Sunni component from any position, while completing what Assad called a “homogeneous Syria” devoid of any opposition voice.

North Syria- The repercussions of the Syrian regime’s abolition of the position of “Mufti of the Republic” still occupy a large part of the Syrian street’s discourse on its various political orientations, as activists and human rights activists describe the decision as far from canceling a position or personally targeting its former owner, Ahmed Hassoun, but rather a continuation of the demographic change process on the basis of Sectarian targeting the majority of Syrians.

The Academic Jurisprudence Council – which became an alternative to the Mufti in Syria, and gained wide powers from the President of the Syrian regime, Bashar al-Assad – includes clerics of all religious sects and sects, including the Sunni ones, and is affiliated with the Ministry of Endowments headed by Abdul Sattar al-Sayyid.

Syrians view this council with suspicion, and describe it as having been created on a sectarian basis and marginalizing the Sunni majority from Syrian society, and came to exclude the fatwa post, which enjoys great prestige and symbolism, despite the state of resentment against the ousted Mufti Ahmed Hassoun for his openness to support the regime against the Syrian revolution.

Analysts believe that the exclusion of Mufti Hassoun (left) is not what is meant, but rather the exclusion of the Sunni component (Anatolia).

Script 2011

Syrian journalist Ahmed Abu Saleh believes that the procedure is linked to the events of the Syrian revolution. The regime tried to establish the idea that the revolution was targeted by the Alawite sect, and it played this chord over the years of the Syrian movement.

Abu Saleh told Al Jazeera Net that the regime considers itself victorious over the revolution, but it is afraid of a repeat of the March 2011 scenario, and is working to remove the Sunni component from any position, even if it is a formality such as the fatwa position, while completing what Assad called “homogeneous Syria”, devoid of any dissenting voice.

Regarding the Fiqh Council, Abu Saleh said that assigning the fatwa functions to a council that includes clerics from several sects, including those who are non-Muslims, as well as its lack of independence, and the Ministry of Awqaf control over it; It is a precedent in the history of Syria.

demographic change

During the years of the revolution, the Syrian regime persisted in a policy of demographic change in Syria, taking advantage of the military force and the support of the Iranian militias and the Russian forces, and used the siege as a weapon to force the opposition fighters and the population out of the cities and towns and control them.

By tracing this change, it appears that all the forced displacements were based on sectarianism, as the cities and towns whose residents were forced to move to northern Syria (the last stronghold of the opposition), were inhabited by the Sunni Muslim component, which has not happened to any other sect.

What happened in the city of Darayya in Damascus countryside in August 2016, can be considered one of the most prominent forced displacement and sectarian demographic change, as all the population (approximately 400,000) moved towards northern Syria, which also happened in the cities of Aleppo, Homs and Damascus countryside.

Lawyer Abdel Nasser Hoshan says that the demographic change in Syria is based on an Iranian project, which aims to “strike the Sunni base through Shi’ite campaigns, and then own real estate from the property of displaced Syrians, through real estate regulation laws such as Decree 66 of 2012.

According to Hoshan, the law regulating the Ministry of Awqaf came to open the door for the Iranians to seize the properties of the “Sunni” endowment, through the membership of their representatives in the Jurisprudence Scholar Council, or through their partners in the “Central Endowment Council.”

Hoshan believes that taking over the Fiqh Council for Ifta Affairs means that there is no longer a place for the Mufti of “Sunnah wal Jama’ah” in Syria, which is the jurisprudential reference in expressing fatwas and clarifying legal rulings in religious matters and the calamities that Muslims are exposed to, which turns the Sunni Arab majority into a mere ethnic minority. Religious and sect like other sects.

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