Massive overuse of natural resources.. Is famine coming to all humans within 3 decades?
According to the study, rich countries – such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada – have clearly crossed the red lines associated with climate and ecological collapse, and in the process have made small social gains, while poorer countries – such as Bangladesh, Malawi and Sri Lanka – have not crossed the red lines of the planet, but they are still It fails to meet the basic social needs of people.
A joint research team of British, Spanish and Austrian scientists was able to conclude that over the past 30 years, countries in the world have been overusing natural resources more than they meet basic human needs, which may cause environmental disasters in just 3 decades.
To reach those results, which were published in patrol Nature Sustainability On November 18, the team studied two key components – meeting basic needs and respecting environmental boundaries – in 148 countries around the world, each with a population of more than one million people, since 1992. And so far, and through that study, they built expectations until 2050.
The richest and the poorest
According to the study, rich countries – such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada – have clearly crossed the red lines associated with climate and ecological collapse, while making small social gains.
On the other hand, the study found that the poorest countries – such as: Bangladesh, Malawi and Sri Lanka – did not cross the red lines, but still fell short in meeting the basic social needs of people.
Whatsapp The initiative Launched by the University of Leeds in Britain based on this new study, the contemporary world needs to abandon the pursuit of economic growth as a national goal, and instead pursue policies that improve human well-being and reduce the use of resources.
The study is based primarily on the theory of the global economist Kate Raworth, based on the development of the economy in the context of a safe and just system.
This theory sees that there are two types of pressures facing every country: The first type is social pressures, and it includes things such as managing education, justice, energy, water, food and health…and others.
The second type includes pressures on the planet, things like chemical pollution, biodiversity loss, carbon dioxide emissions and ocean acidification.
And if countries only adhere to the first type of pressure without considering the second type, then they – and the planet as a whole – are on a very dangerous path.
The study confirms this, as it found that most countries were already closer to providing the basic needs of their population than they were 30 years ago, but on the other hand it appeared that the number of countries that over-consume resources is increasing, especially with regard to carbon dioxide emissions. , the gas that raises global warming.
The study researchers hope that this type of new criteria will be transformed into policies based on which governments are chosen, and if the countries of the world continue to act in a manner that seeks only to ensure continued high economic growth, the environmental deficit and the global resource deficit will begin to enter into dangerous stages within 3 decades from now.