What is the truth about the burial of Luqman al-Hakim in Iraq? And what is the story “I make you a promise and I give you water to drink”, which went as a famous example?
Luqman al-Hakim was mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and named after Surat Luqman, and his commandments are one of the Qur’anic stories that highlight his wisdom that God gave him, and are considered by Muslims as one of the greatest wisdom and exhortations.
Baghdad- On the northern outskirts of Baghdad, there are two opposite shrines surrounded by a vast land area and agricultural areas far from residential neighborhoods, one of which claims to belong to the righteous servant Luqman al-Hakim, and the other to his rival Kamon, where the Iraqi proverb is circulated that says, “I make you a promise and I will water you, Kamoun,” meaning I will promise you and fulfill my promise.
The example has a story that we will mention in the context of this report, but where is the truth about the location of the shrine of the righteous servant Luqman al-Hakim, who died thousands of years ago and a contemporary of prophets and kings? Was he buried in Iraq after returning from the Nuba region between Egypt and Sudan? Some of the accounts that mentioned this in the context of the places that the military campaign led by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent went through to conquer Baghdad and wrest it from the Safavid state in 1534, and what is his story?
Luqman the Wise is a wise man, mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and named after Surat Luqman, and his commandments are one of the Qur’anic stories that highlight his wisdom that God gave him, and are considered by Muslims as one of the greatest wisdom and preaching, as his wisdom came in its places, and according to the books of interpretation, Luqman was the easiest He is owned by his master, but God Almighty bestowed upon him wisdom, and he became the best of them to him.
He is Luqman bin Yaour, born in the 10 years of the reign of David, peace and blessings be upon him, and he still remained on earth, demonstrating wisdom and asceticism until the days of Yunus bin Matta, peace be upon him, and there is no indication in the Holy Qur’an that could determine his age, according to Al-Masoudi in Mourouj Al-Zahab.
The researcher in Islamic affairs, Muhammad al-Bukhari, says that Islamic history preserves for us the personality of Luqman al-Hakim, who was a wise man. He was mentioned in the Qur’an and named after Surat Luqman. Radically about the concept of wisdom that philosophy deals with, pointing out in an interview with Al-Jazeera Net that Luqman Al-Hakim, who was a contemporary of the Prophet David, peace and blessings be upon him, and was known as Al-Hakim, was born and lived in the country of Nubia.
While the researcher al-Bukhari confirms that the burial of al-Hakim is in Iraq, citing that all the prophets were Iraq before them, Sheikh Muntasir al-Ta’i, professor of interpretation of the Noble Qur’an in the Anis al-Nofous Institute for Islamic Studies, believes that Luqman al-Hakim, according to the narrations, was lodged in Mosul, northern Iraq, in a village called Kumlis or Kumas, and that he He died in the Levant, where his grave is located east of Lake Tiberias, and accordingly there is no truth to the existence of a shrine for him in Baghdad or other Iraqi provinces.
The researcher al-Bukhari says that some of the graves of the prophets and the righteous are found in Iraq, despite the difference of their original homeland from it for its inherited sanctity. The novels are the movement of this righteous man between these countries.
Speaking to Al-Jazeera Net, Sheikh Al-Taie indicates that the historical sources whose authenticity is assured confirm that Luqman Al-Hakim was a contemporary of the Prophet of God, David, peace and blessings be upon him.
The researcher and historian Abbas Shams Al-Din, the author of the books “Arab Prophets” and “False Shrines”, has another opinion, as he confirms to Al-Jazeera Net that the most likely in what is known as Luqman’s tomb, northeast of Baghdad, is the tomb of a Sufi sheikh, especially since the area extending from the Husseiniya and Muhammad Sakran area extends to The tomb of Habash ibn al-Kadhim, down to the ancient city of al-Jawsaq, was inhabited areas, and the fame of his wisdom was used in several places and from several peoples, as it was mentioned in the Syriac language from Ahiqar the Assyrian wise. Shams al-Din also indicates that Kamon is a metaphor for Ibn Luqman and his disciple, while according to the Assyrian text, it may symbolize his traitorous nephew who betrayed him.
Despite some restorations carried out by the municipality of the two shrines, they suffer from neglect, and of course they do not follow the Sunni or Shiite endowments, but are administratively subject to the Directorate of Tourism and Antiquities in the Ministry of Culture, according to the supervisor of the administration of the two shrines, Ismail Ibrahim, who confirmed that Kamon was an emir. According to frequent narrations, he believed in the wisdom of the righteous servant Luqman al-Hakim and his knowledge of the insides of matters.
The shrines are surrounded by modest parks, where families come to visit and entertain, and most of the families bring their food with them, lie on the ground and eat, because the place is devoid of restaurants and shops, especially when the weather is sunny.
The proverbial story
The researcher in the Baghdadi heritage, Nabil Abdel Karim, says that the common proverb among Iraqis and some Arab countries, “I make you a promise and I will water you, cumin.” It came against the background of a famous story between the righteous servant Luqman al-Hakim and their sons, cumin, to the effect that Luqman al-Hakim bet on cumin that each of them would make a deadly poison. And the first person to receive poison was Luqman, who drank the cup of venom made by Cumin, and with his wisdom, he asked his mother to explain parts of his body and move it to a far place, where the wasps start standing on the wounds to suck blood, thus expelling the poison from his body.
After a short period of time, Luqman asked his mother to carry him to the house, so he washed and after a few days he went out to the market and saw cumin and was shocked by what he saw and thought that Luqman had died from the effect of poison, then it was the turn of Luqman to water his poison, so he brought some pebbles and asked some of those close to him to grind them This continued for days, which increased Kamon’s anxiety and fears, and every time he asked him about the poison waiting for him, he answered him by waiting, and so Kamon waited for a long time until he was found dead one morning because he was afraid of the power of the alleged poison, and thus Luqman managed to Kamon with patience and calculation.
Abdul Karim explains to Al-Jazeera Net that the proverb is circulating in Iraq and some cities of the Levant, noting that Luqman was a wise and a doctor, while Kamon was a prince or a minister, denying the existence of their shrines in Iraq, as they lived in the Levant thousands of years ago, indicating that these two The two shrines were taken earlier by the people to live and earn.
According to what was stated in the dictionary of countries by Yakut al-Hamawi, the shrine of Luqman al-Hakim is one of the shrines in the east of Lake Tiberias, and it is famous for being in Bethlehem in the cave in which the Prophet Jesus, peace and blessings be upon him, was born. sad.