A report reviewing 8 years of Egypt’s history.. The Dutch Foreign Ministry describes the events of 2013 as a coup
The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a report on the developments in the political and economic situation in Egypt over the past 8 years, which included a description of what happened in the summer of 2013 when the army overthrew the elected president, Mohamed Morsi.
Intervals The Dutch Foreign Ministry on its website The report – issued on November 24 last – sheds light on these developments to serve as a reference in the evaluation of political asylum applications submitted by Egyptian citizens, and in the decision-making process regarding the deportation of those whose applications are rejected.
The report referred to the events of 2013, and said that protests erupted throughout Egypt in opposition to the “coup” on the third of July of that year.
The report added that the army and police forces opened fire on the protesters, and referred to the data of Human Rights Watch, which said that 1,150 protesters were killed as a result of the dispersal of the Rab’a and al-Nahda sit-ins in Cairo in broad daylight on August 14 of the same year.
The Dutch Foreign Ministry considered that there is currently no significant political opposition in Egypt because dissenting opinions lead their owners to courts and prisons, and the authorities have restricted freedom of the press and freedom of assembly.
The report – which examines the period from July 2013 to September 2021 – indicated that the security services have systematically used torture and enforced disappearance against opponents of all sects since 2013, and mass and military trials and the use of the death penalty have increased.