Corona’s outbreak in Sudan .. Who is responsible: the protests or the political and economic crisis?

Observers believe that the economic and health conditions in Sudan have worsened following the measures that led to the military’s seizure of power, and many countries have suspended their aid, especially those related to financing health and social support programs for citizens.

Khartoum- Warnings have grown in Sudan of high rates of infection with the Corona virus, especially with the registration of cases of the new mutant “Omicron” globally.

Sudanese doctors fear the collapse of the already dilapidated health system, and the high cost of any collapse in light of the intersection of the health situation with the political and economic crisis that the country is going through.

UN reports warn of the spread of the Corona epidemic in several Sudanese states (Sudan News Agency)


With Sudan entering the fourth wave of the epidemic, a bulletin issued by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on 25 November said that infections are on the rise in several Sudanese states, while the occupancy rate of beds in isolation centers has reached 90%. In light of the lack of oxygen, medicines and funding for efforts to combat the virus.

According to the health authorities, the capacity of the isolation centers in the capital, Khartoum, is 290 beds, while the intensive care beds reach only 70.

And the Undersecretary of the Federal Ministry of Health, Othman Mohamed Abdel Rahman, said in a statement to the Sudan News Agency (SUNA) that the country is witnessing an outbreak of the Corona virus, and he called on citizens to go to vaccination centers and adhere to health precautions, expressing his hope that 20% of the citizens will be vaccinated by the end of this year.

In light of the crisis situation in Sudan and the challenges of providing reliable updates on the epidemiological situation, the latest report issued by the health authorities on Tuesday recorded 120 confirmed cases of the virus, 90 of them in the state of Khartoum.

Regarding the cumulative data of Corona, the report showed the registration of 82,394 suspected cases, including 43,385 confirmed cases. The report did not mention the number of deaths, which unofficial statistics estimate at more than 3,000.


In light of the steady rise in injuries, observers attribute this to political and economic reasons. There have been voices criticizing the “millions” run by the resistance committees as one of the causes of the spread of the virus, in contrast to voices rejecting this trend and saying that some are silent about mentioning the real reasons for the spread of the pandemic.

And Sudanese cities witnessed huge demonstrations, the last of which was last Tuesday, at a time when the resistance committees announced a schedule of demonstrations that include calls for millions on 6, 13, 19, 25 and 30 December.

A shipment of American vaccines to Sudan - source SONAA shipment of American vaccines to Sudan (Sudanese News Agency)

Invitation to complete shutdown

In response to this, calls were launched in Sudan to stop the conduct of processions and demonstrations; To stop the spread of the virus. And the chest and respiratory specialist, Muhammad Abdul Rahman, said that the large human crowds in the processions, and the lack of commitment by their members to the procedures of social separation and wearing masks, represented an ideal opportunity for the virus to spread at alarming speeds.

Abdul Rahman called – in an interview with Al Jazeera Net – the health authorities “to absolve them and issue a recommendation to return to the state of comprehensive closure.”

He said: “In the event that the state does not respond, the resistance committees must hurry to stop the processions during the current stage, and devise safer means of resistance.”

Abdel Rahman said that the current challenge in Sudan is “healthy par excellence, and therefore, the courage to confront Corona as a matter of survival or death before it kills the Sudanese, and after overcoming it, it is possible to face the political challenges.”

Corona’s injuries increased by millions and the economy – source – Sudan – news agencyOfficials in Sudan hope to raise the vaccination rate to 20% of the population by the end of this year (Sudan News Agency)

“coup bill”

A prominent health official in the isolated government acknowledges that political developments have caused the spread of Corona, but he refused to place the blame on the millions and demonstrations, and consider them the most prominent reason for the outbreak of the epidemic.

The official, who requested that his name be withheld – told Al Jazeera Net – that “the coup blocked the medical authorities’ efforts to combat the virus, and halted programs and plans worth millions of dollars in favor of limiting the spread of the epidemic.”

He accused what he called the “coup authorities” of removing the professional elements responsible for combating Corona, in favor of elements loyal to or far from the details of the file.

The official pointed out that throwing the consequences of the spread of the virus on the demonstrations is a blindness to the real responsibility for the spread of the epidemic and for the collective behavior indifferent to it, adding that the control measures should be in a comprehensive package, covering all life activities, including the closure of schools, markets and mosques.

The deterioration of the economy and aid

As for the journalist and economic analyst, Abdel Wahab Gomaa, he believes that the high inflation rate to 366% and the poverty rate reaching about 60% were the main factor in the spread of the virus.

Juma explained to Al Jazeera Net that the economic conditions force many Sudanese to go out daily in search of a livelihood, in light of their inability to provide sterilizers, detergents and other means of protection, until they stand idly in dealing with the injured from their families due to the overcrowding of isolation centers, and the high cost of private hospitals. And home medicine for staggering numbers.

Gomaa believes that the economic and health conditions in the country have worsened following the measures that led to the military taking control of power, after many countries stopped their aid, especially those related to financing health and social support programs for citizens.

In turn, a member of the Resistance Committees, Muhammad Al-Mahi, spoke about the importance of raising awareness about the seriousness of the virus.

He told Al Jazeera Net that the resistance committees used to ask the participants in the processions to wear masks, use sterilizers, as well as participate in activities aimed at raising health awareness.

In response to some people returning the pandemic to processions and demonstrations, Al-Mahi said, “This is a true word that I want false.” And he continued, “We can confront the coup and Corona at the same time.”

Regarding the prescription for prevention and recovery, Doctor Mohamed Abdel Rahman stressed the necessity of comprehensive closure and stopping all gatherings, while writer Abdel Wahab Gomaa called on the state to carry out its duties in supporting the poor and the health system.

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