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The line of contact is in place and the fighters have not left… Questions at the United Nations about the credibility of the upcoming elections in Libya

Yesterday, Wednesday, the United Nations raised questions about the presidential elections scheduled in Libya before the end of this month, amid the continued presence of foreign fighters and disagreements by political forces over the laws regulating these benefits.

While the Secretary-General of the International Organization stressed that this entitlement should not be “part of the problem”, the President of the UN Security Council questioned the availability of the necessary conditions for holding democratic elections.

At a press conference, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, “We want these elections to be part of the solution, not part of the problem” in Libya.

“Accordingly, we will do our utmost to facilitate a dialogue that will allow resolving the remaining issues … that could divide Libya,” and “the holding of elections in a way that contributes to solving the Libyan problem,” he added.

Regarding his expectations for the Libyan elections, Guterres replied, “I am neither a prophet nor a magician, and I do not know what will happen in these elections.”

He added, “We are facing a scene in which there is an electoral law regulating the holding of presidential elections, and then, I think, 15 days later, parliamentary elections will be held, and this law was ratified by members of Parliament.”

And he added, “There is also the Elections Committee (the Commission) that accepted some members of the candidates in accordance with the law, and what can be said on this subject is that we want these elections to be part of the solution, not part of the problem.”

Pessimism dominated the tone of Niger’s ambassador to the United Nations, Abdou Abari, whose country holds the rotating presidency of the Security Council this month.

“The conditions for holding free, credible, democratic and consensual elections, which would be an essential building block for the return of peace and stability to Libya, have not yet been fulfilled,” Abari said.

He added that “foreign fighters are still in Libya, the line of contact is still in place, and there has not been a real reunification of the military forces” in his country’s northern neighbor.

But he pointed out that he is speaking as the ambassador of a neighboring country to Libya, not as the head of the UN Security Council.

“This is not the view of the Security Council, but rather an analysis that we are doing. The situation is not mature enough, it is not mature enough to allow elections that can lead to lasting stability and security in Libya,” he said.

The Nigerien diplomat stressed that his country does not support the position that “we must go to elections at all costs and regardless of their quality.”

layoffs and coordination

According to Abari, out of more than 20,000 foreign fighters – among foreign mercenaries and soldiers whose presence in Libya has been confirmed by the United Nations – “there are between 11,000 Sudanese and 12,000” and “a few thousand countries in the Sahel.”

“As a neighboring country, we want the demobilization process to take place in full coordination with the neighboring countries” from which they come, he added.

“Niger and neighboring countries have suffered a lot from the destruction of this country (Libya), especially after Libya’s military arsenal fell into the hands of a group of gangs,” he said.

He warned that elections “could exacerbate the situation rather than resolve it. This often happens in African countries, so we must be clear about holding them and the results we seek.”

Libyans hope that the elections will contribute to ending the armed conflict that has plagued their oil-rich country, and these fears come as the country enters a crucial phase of the presidential elections scheduled for December 24, which are clouded by differences between the competing camps and ongoing tensions on the ground.

A political dialogue that took place between the Libyan parties under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva last February, led to the formation of a unified executive political authority whose mission is to prepare for the presidential and parliamentary elections that will be held in the coming weeks.

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Reference-www.aljazeera.net

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