Iran.. 300 cities are in a state of water stress due to lack of rain

Approximately 162 Iranian cities are at risk of severe precipitation, and some regions such as southwest Tehran have a world record precipitation of 24 centimeters per year.

Tehran- With the decrease in the average annual rainfall in Iran and its entry into a period of drought that officials consider unprecedented over the past half century; Various provinces in Iran are witnessing protests, including Khuzestan, Chahar Mahal, Bakhtiari and Isfahan.

The last days witnessed protests and sit-ins by Isfahan farmers in the middle of the dried-up Zayandeh Rud river in the city of Isfahan, to demand the right of water for the farmers and the flow of the river again.

After a number of citizens joined the farmers last weekend, clashes broke out with the security forces, and the riot police dispersed the demonstrators and used tear gas, which led to the arrest and injury of a number of demonstrators.

water stress

Last August, the CEO of the Water and Sanitation Company, Hamid Reza Janbaz, indicated that 300 cities in Iran are in a state of water stress due to lack of rain, at a time when water is supplied to 8,000 villages through tankers.

According to the latest statistics published by the Iranian Water Resources Management Company recently, the amount of precipitation until the end of last June was less than 36% compared to the average rainfall during the past 52 years, and the size of dam reserves at the end of last October It only amounts to 35%.

Providing water to 8,000 Iranian villages is through tankers (communication sites)

Global Warming

An employee of the National Center for Climate and Drought Crisis Management of the Meteorological Organization said that the trend of global warming and rising temperatures in Iran is higher than the global average, and the average annual temperature in the country in the past ten years is two degrees Celsius higher than the average of ten years In the past 5 decades.

Dr. Bahram Taheri, advisor to the President of Iran’s Environmental Protection Organization and advisor to the former Minister of Energy, believes that there are a number of factors that have caused these disturbances among the people, including the same drought that has not been seen in the past 50 years, as well as population growth and mismanagement of water resources.

Taheri told Al Jazeera Net that there is also the issue of climate change that affects the whole world, for example, in some areas of Iran, where snow has already fallen, and snowfall has risen by about 300 meters above the mountain, but there is no longer snow near the ground until it melts downstream in Late summer and early fall.

poor water management

According to Nemat Hosni, director of the Center for Natural Crisis Management at Shahid Beheshti University, the main problem in the country is high water evaporation. In total, about 70% of the rain in the country evaporates, and out of the 400 billion cubic meters of rain water, about 280 billion cubic meters evaporate.

According to Hosni, the water needs of the drinking and industrial sectors amount to about 8 billion cubic meters, and the agricultural sector in Iran consumes about 90 billion cubic meters of water and the rest of the rain evaporates.

The agricultural expansion, encouraged by the government in recent decades, for self-sufficiency in agricultural products, the drilling of many wells, and the non-modern irrigation system is another reason for the drying up of underground resources in Iran.

A member of the Isfahan University faculty, Abbas Hatami, believes that some estimates indicate that more than 90% of Iran’s area faces droughts of varying degrees, and there is great consensus that the most influential variable in the water crisis in Iran is “water mismanagement.” The role of factors is determined Others such as industry and agriculture are mainly driven by this factor of mismanagement.

Observers believe that inter-city disputes in Iran over water resources are dangerous.  erna agencyDisputes between cities in Iran over water resources are large and dangerous (communication sites)

Conflicts between cities

Hatami indicated – during his conversation with Al Jazeera Net – that the conflicts between cities in Iran over water resources are dangerous. For example, if conflicts were confined to the basin of Zayandeh Road (one of the most famous and largest rivers in central Iran) in 1999 between two cities or some cities, then the conflict has now spread to many cities in the five central provinces of Iran, namely Isfahan, Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari Yazd, Khuzestan and even Lorestan, and the water crisis is likely to undermine social cohesion in Iran.

According to experts, the balance of migration in the country remains unsettled, at a time when the population of the Caspian Basin (the rainy regions in northern Iran) is increasing. Given the high density in the northern provinces, the influx of migrants from the central regions of the country towards the northern regions may lead to environmental, social and economic problems.

*-* Interior ** All 610 of Iran's plains face subsidence.  communication Web-sitesAll of Iran’s plains face significant land subsidence (communication sites)

subsidence of land

One consequence of the overuse of groundwater resources is land subsidence, with experts estimating that some 37 million Iranians will be forced to relocate due to land subsidence.

Ali Baitullah, director of the Seismological Monitoring Center at the Roads, Housing and Urban Development Research Center, said that Iran ranks fourth in the world in the rate of land subsidence, and all the plains in the country have been affected by this crisis.

Baitullah added that we are at risk of subsidence of 8 million hectares of land, where about 25 million people live in subsidence areas, and approximately 162 cities are at risk of severe subsidence, and some areas such as southwest Tehran have a world record for subsidence of 24 centimeters in the year.


Changing the pattern of agriculture – according to observers – is one of the most important ways to deal with water shortages, and then identify and transfer industries that consume large amounts of water – including steel factories – from the central regions of Iran to the seas, in addition to the transfer of water from the seas to Central Iran may help ease the water crisis.

Dr. Abbas Hatami noted to Al Jazeera Net that the solutions to the water crisis in Iran are somewhat clear, but the government refuses to implement them, and the reason is that solving the water crisis in Iran requires difficult decisions.

He adds that because the scope of the water crisis is not well understood, implementing these difficult decisions has become unjustified for them.

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