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What can the world learn from Japan?

Among the lessons learned from the Japanese experience is the ability to live with risks and recover from shocks in light of climate challenges and the spread of natural disasters.

Japan is often seen from two different angles, the first is that its people are aging (aging) in light of the shrinking population and the high rate of aging, and the second is that it is a dynamic and energetic society that is impressive and eccentric at the same time.

In a report, The Economist says:economist) The British that there are many lessons that the world can learn from the Japanese people, especially the way they dealt with past painful experiences, and their success in facing current challenges, most notably the accelerating pace of aging, economic stagnation and natural disasters.

Among the lessons learned from the Japanese experience – according to the magazine – is the ability to live with risks and recover from shocks, in light of climatic challenges and the spread of natural disasters in the country.

Resilience in disaster management

The Economist believes that Japan’s painful experiences have made it “resilient” in disaster management, by rehabilitating bridges and buildings and making them earthquake-resistant. For example, the city of Kobe built an underground system to store the water supply needed for the population after the great earthquake in 1995, and water was cut off from many of the affected areas.

Japanese government urges companies to keep employees working until age 70 (Getty Images)

The importance of studying demography

Another lesson that Japan offers is the importance of studying demography, especially the problem of aging that many countries have become suffering from. By 2050, 1 in 6 people in the world will be over 65, compared to 1 in 11 in 2019.

The population of 55 countries around the world – including China – is expected to decline between now and 2050. It is estimated that India’s population will shrink before that date.

Work up to the age of 70

According to the magazine, dealing with this problem requires a fundamental shift in government policies and the behavior of individuals, which is what Japan is trying to do, as the government urges companies to keep employees in their jobs until the age of 70 years. Currently, 33% of employees remain in their jobs between the ages of 70 and 74, compared to 23% a decade ago.

كبار السن اليابانيون old, elderly, senior Legendary surfer spills away from everyday and plays with the sea

The Japanese people enjoy a degree of luxury that dispenses with pressure for a better tomorrow (Getty Images)

Preserving the welfare of its citizens

Despite the great economic challenges due to the aging population, Japan still maintains the welfare of its citizens. Between 2010 and 2019, the country recorded the third highest average per capita GDP growth in the Group of Seven industrialized nations, after Germany and the United States.

Oldest average age

Japan is one of the largest creditor countries, the third largest economy at current exchange rates, and its people have the longest life expectancy in the world, and it is home to the largest technology companies, a pioneer in fifth generation technology, and an incubator for global brands from “Uniclo” and “Nintendo” and its expertise in the field of Its robotics and sensor companies make a lot of money from modern industrial technologies.

Experience shortcomings

The Economist adds that Japan’s mistakes, in turn, represent lessons for other countries, including the lack of sufficient attention to the challenges of climate change, which is the biggest disaster facing humanity today. In 2020, Tokyo has pledged to reach net zero emissions by 2050, but the details of its plan to achieve that goal are unclear.

The magazine considers that dealing with the dilemma of a shrinking population deprives the country of exploiting its young potential. With the adoption of a system of professional promotion based on seniority in traditional companies, and excessive respect for elderly employees, Japan silences the voice of young people and stifles innovation, which leads many new graduates to prefer working in companies. emerging.

Japan’s labor system traps women with precarious jobs, making them less eager to have children (pixels)

The Economist finds that despite Japanese efforts to increase the inclusion of women in the workforce in recent years, they still have limited opportunities to advance in a labor system that oppresses young people and women, locks them in precarious part-time jobs, and makes them less eager to have children.

risk of backtracking

The magazine concludes that the political system is not subjected to sufficient pressure from the opposition to bring about the required change, as the Liberal Democratic Party has ruled the country since 1955, in the absence of a strong opposition, and senior political figures are resisting the wave of change, while the people enjoy a degree of well-being that suffices from the pressure for a better tomorrow. . Hence the final lesson of the Japanese experience, which is the danger of going backwards.



Reference-www.aljazeera.net

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