National Interest: The unification of northern Syria is a catalyst for real reform and security for the population

The National Interest magazine said that although the US and Turkish presidents, Joe Biden and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, are far from consensus on Syria and the affairs of the region in general, their countries will benefit from cooperation with like-minded countries by prioritizing a policy that focuses first and foremost. Everything is up to the Syrian people, which will give one of the last meaningful opportunities for this country that has been ravaged by war for a decade.

The magazine reported – in article Joint Syrian-American writers Ahmed Tariqji and Muhammad Bakr Ghabis – that this matter is becoming more urgent as Syrian President Bashar al-Assad continues his efforts to bring the entirety of Syria under his authority through force, taking advantage of the lack of will of his Russian backer to launch a meaningful political process, which further complicates the lives of Syrians on Misery and destruction occurred.

The authors argue that for the time being, reconciliation between the northwestern and northeastern regions of Syria – where 6 million Syrians of diverse backgrounds live outside the regime’s control – could be a catalyst for real reform in the country.

These Syrians, who make up about 40% of Syria’s current population, suffer from extremely difficult living conditions, frequent displacement and weak rule of law, yet they seek, despite the failure of all previous diplomatic efforts to protect them and preserve their infrastructure, to ensure a better life for them and their children.

Stability throughout the northern region of Syria may give local communities better pathways and strengthen civil society and local governance over time.

While the dominant military groups in both the northeastern and northwestern regions, namely the Kurdish “Syrian Democratic Forces” (SDF) and the “Syrian National Army” backed by Turkey (formerly Free Syrian Army) respectively, assert that they are fighting ISIS in cooperation with the community. While there is some truth in the international community, this declared common goal is harmed by the fact that the two regions have become rivals within the framework of the Syrian conflict.

The accusations leveled by each party to the other do not stop, for example, units of the Syrian Democratic Forces were accused of bombing civilian neighborhoods and participating in the siege of Aleppo in 2016, which then caused one of the largest internal displacements of Syrians, while some militias within the National Army are accused of committing human rights violations in Afrin following the Turkish military operation there in 2018.

But despite all these disparities – the two authors add – the two northern regions can benefit from their resources and each other’s experiences. However, the weakness of the rule of law, political polarization and other factors linked to abroad have impeded this cooperation, which will have great benefits if the two parties are able to formulate a unified joint strategy for northern Syria. .

The United States and Turkey – conclude the authors of the article – must participate in supporting this cooperation between the two regions and their civilian leadership, through meaningful partnerships focused on the areas of counter-terrorism and mutual respect for human rights, which will also neutralize the influence of Russia and Iran, which did not Their intervention in support of the Assad regime only deepens the human suffering of Syrians and aids terrorist groups such as the Islamic State.

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