Scheduling for demonstrations and security preparations.. Will the Sudanese repeat the scene of the protests that toppled al-Bashir?
The organizers of the protests say they will continue until “the rule of the generals is overthrown” and the defenders of the interests of the old regime, but analysts believe that the revolutionaries know that they will not overthrow the existing authority, but that they can change it.
Khartoum- With the escalation of popular protests against the actions of the Sudanese army commander, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, by declaring a state of emergency in Sudan since last October 25, and signing an agreement with Abdullah Hamdok, according to which he returned as prime minister again, the security forces are raising the degree of their preparations to confront the protests and respond to them by various means. In an attempt to reduce its width.
This comes amid unconfirmed news, circulated by activists on social media, about the issuance of a decision by the President of the Sovereign Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, to grant a mandate to the security forces, including the intelligence service, to carry out arrests, searches, control and seizure of funds…, while the text of the decision circulated Sudanese media on granting security forces immunity during the implementation of measures in implementation of the emergency law.
In this context, the spokesman for the Sudanese Professionals Association, Walid Ali, considered the decision to delegate powers to the security services – if true – “a foregone conclusion,” and told Al Jazeera Net, “The work on the content of the decision began since the coup of Al-Burhan on October 25 last,” noting The protesters were subjected to “arrest, torture, killing and excessive repression by the security forces.”
A decision will complicate the scene
The security expert, retired Major General Walid Ezz El-Din, said, “If the issuance of Al-Burhan’s decision is correct, it is a natural result of the political impasse and the strength of the movement rejecting its measures.”
Ezz El-Din told Al-Jazeera Net that all attempts by the authority to use force, close bridges, cut off the Internet to limit the movement of revolutionaries and leaders of the movement, and prevent processions and protest marches failed miserably, adding to this, “the possibility of exploiting the attempts of some revolutionaries to provoke the security forces to issue such a decision.” He explained that such a decision would complicate the scene further, and would help limit the movement, as he put it.
The security forces have faced the demonstrations since the declaration of the state of emergency with “excessive force”, according to observers. As a result, about 45 protesters were killed and hundreds were injured.
The Central Doctors Committee monitored the injury of more than 200 protesters in the Saturday demonstration alone, and doctors said that the authorities are using various tools to suppress the protesters.
Pictures and videos spread on social media platforms showing the security forces using colored water, in addition to tear gas, rubber bullets and sound bombs, to disperse the protesters from the vicinity of the presidential palace.
Maissar Norai, one of the protesters who arrived in the vicinity of the palace, told Al Jazeera Net that the smell of the water released by the security forces from the fire trucks is similar to the smell of sewage, and that it is of multiple colors and not only blue. He explained that the color is still attached to his clothes, without any chemical effects on his body.
A source told Al Jazeera Net that a field team of informants took samples of that water to examine and verify its nature, but the results of the analyzes have not yet appeared.
However, a spokesman for the SPA went on to say that these materials may be used to distinguish participants in the protests, which would facilitate their arrest after the demonstrations were dispersed, or that they contain harmful material that harms protesters when they are infected with it, and considered it one of the tools of repression used by the authority to confront the protesters.
“Until the generals rule overthrown”
Meanwhile, the capital, Khartoum, with its three cities and a number of cities in different states, is preparing to stage the latest demonstration announced by the Resistance Committees, the Professionals’ Gathering and the Forces for Freedom and Change (Central Council) at the end of the last month of this year, which falls on December 30.
Previous demonstrations witnessed the arrival of protesters against the army commander’s decisions and his recent agreement with Prime Minister Hamdok, on November 21, to the vicinity of the presidential palace, raising slogans “No negotiation, no partnership, no legitimacy,” and demanding the departure of the military from power and the formation of a full civilian authority. .
A spokesman for the Association of Professionals said that the call for escalation would continue until the “rule of the generals” and “defenders of the interests of the old regime” were overthrown. He spoke to Al Jazeera Net about the preparations made by the resistance committees and the revolutionary forces for what was called “the December 30 million”.
Schedules of the protests scheduled to escalate next January were published on social media platforms. Spokesman Walid Ali said that it is not final, and that there are specialized field committees working to issue it on time, successively.
Ali believes, the continued escalation of the protests “will lead to pressure on the forces that still hope for an illusory partnership with the generals, and will force them to align themselves with the people’s demands,” as he put it.
It won’t change the power.. but
For his part, political analyst Youssef Siraj said that the protest rallies are constantly growing, and that the December processions were able to deliver their message clearly in everyone’s mail, and that “their conclusion is the absolute rejection (of the coup) and any trend of totalitarian rule or building a state on the ruins of the rescue rule.”
In his opinion, the protests created a state of cultural awareness more than a political one, and he said that the protest movement reflected on the reality, and led to the political situation remaining in place since the October 25 procedures, despite the Burhan and Hamdok agreement.
While the scene in the Sudanese street today brings to mind the protests that preceded the overthrow of the regime of former President Omar al-Bashir, Sarraj says that the revolutionaries are now aware that the demonstrations will not change power, but will have an effect that leads to change.
He referred to initiatives to crystallize a position and a national conference to get out of the current crisis, in order to push everyone to sit down and come up with a specific vision to complete the transitional period.
In his opinion, this may lead to limiting the role of the military institution and putting it in its rightful place, “but this requires removing the real fears of the military and making them respond to get out of the crisis,” the analyst said.