What are the features of the new German policy in refugee issues and foreign relations?

Some analysts believe that the new German politicians should work for Germany to lead Europe politically and not only economically. “A great power is forming on Europe’s borders, in reference to Turkey, and there is the Russian danger that threatens to invade Ukraine, as well as the policy of subordination to America, which has dwarfed Europe.” in general”

Berlin- The formation of the current German government with the “traffic light” coalition (the three colors of the Social Democrats, the Greens and the Liberal Liberals), raised more than one question about the possible changes in German politics internally and externally.

The last elections witnessed the departure of the Christian Democratic Union from power, although it is the party to which most of the German successes in recent decades are attributed, especially German unity, and pushing Germany to lead Europe economically and save it from the debt crisis or what is known as the “Euro 2010 crisis.” , which could afflict the European Union.

Chancellor Angela Merkel hands Schulz the reins of the new German (European) government

Domestic policy towards refugees

There is no doubt that the parties forming the ruling coalition are not new to the rule of Germany. The Socialist Party that leads the coalition was part of the previous government, and therefore there is an expected extension of the previous policy, but with changes that take into account the structural developments in German society, especially the refugee issue, and the effects of the pandemic. Corona.

Despite the issues raised by the ruling coalition in its work program dealing with modernization, digitization, the minimum wage, and climate change, the refugee issue remains the most prominent.

During the past few years, Germany received the largest wave of refugees in its history, and this card was used by the competing parties in the recent elections, both pro- and anti-asylum.

Perhaps the absence of populist and right-wing parties from the ruling coalition has left a shadow of reassurance on immigrants and refugees in Germany, and on a large segment of Germans themselves.

good start

“A promising start,” Jawad Al-Jaafra, a member of the Socialist Party of Arab origin, described the new German chancellor, Olaf Schulz, to start a new policy on immigration and integration issues, “applicable to a modern immigration country,” according to what he declared to his government.

This means, according to Al-Jaafra to Al-Jazeera Net, that there are laws that will be in the interest of immigrants, such as facilitating obtaining a German passport, allowing dual citizenship, facilitating obtaining residence permits, and improving asylum and integration conditions.

The role of refugees

While Shukri Hamdi, an academic researcher and advisor for refugees in North Rhine, saw that Germany did not receive refugees by the decision of former Chancellor Angela Merkel or her party, but rather in-depth meetings with the forces controlling the German economy, which concluded the urgent need for refugees, especially that the market German work requires 400,000 workers annually.

Hamdi refers to Al Jazeera Net, to the integration of refugees in the past years into the labor market, and their contribution to saving the old-age insurance fund financially by paying the fund, as well as paying various taxes, and filling the shortage of labor.

Samer Rahal spoke about the urgent need to improve immigration and asylum laws (Al Jazeera Net)

Needed improvements

As for the sociologist, Rainer Berger, he believed that there would be little change if Germany did not rush to support poor and refugee-exporting countries and try to solve the causes of asylum.

The researcher believes that the immigration policy in Germany will not change much, but “there may be slight improvements in the conditions of immigrants, including facilities in the immigration law, as Germany urgently needs qualified specialists, and new laws are required that facilitate the granting of residency and reunification, nationality, and reduce Work ban restrictions.

Regarding the urgent need to develop laws on asylum and immigration as well, Samer Rahal, director of technological operations at Indorama Ventures PCL, said that the current German laws do not suffice, and constitute a burden on refugees, especially in the issue of integration.

In Rahal’s opinion, laws still stand in the way of this, and they must be developed for the benefit of both the refugee and the state, including, for example, the problem of learning the language, as well as harsh conditions – compared to other European countries – for obtaining citizenship.

Researcher Shukri Hamdi says that major changes in Europe and the world are forcing Germany to change its foreign policy (Al Jazeera Net)

Is there a change in foreign policy?

Since the Second World War and the scourge that it has brought upon Germany and the world, it seems that foreign policy has been – to some extent – the only constant, as German foreign policy is described as “conservative policy” or what some call “playing the ropes”, but it is a non-confrontational policy. .

However, there are variables that impose on the new German government a kind of change in its foreign policies, as researcher Shukri Hamdi expects, “The German foreign policy will be more realistic, and it will seek for Germany to have a greater role in its European environment, especially after Britain’s exit from the European Union.”

Hamdi says that this will push German politicians to work for Germany to lead Europe politically, not just economically. “There is a great power forming on Europe’s borders, in reference to Turkey, and there is the Russian danger that threatens to invade Ukraine, as well as the policy of subordination to America, which has dwarfed Europe in a way general”.

However, a member of the Socialist Party, Jawad al-Jaafra, disagrees with this view, as he believes that German foreign policy suffers from a reality imposed on its federal state since the end of the World War, in addition to the existence of “interlocking lines that cannot be crossed or changed improvisedly”, including the relationship with the United States.

But what worries al-Jaafa’a is that the Green Party takes over the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, “a party that evaluates relations through the environment and the climate, and not through interests and strategies.”

This is agreed with researcher Rainer Berger, who believes that German foreign policy will depend on diplomatic solutions in conflict areas, and stressed the need for Germany to have a role in refugee-exporting countries, with soft power and by providing economic support to allow a better life for the residents of those areas.

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