Amidst the state of fragmentation, a new alliance in Sudan, what are its objectives and its relationship to the political components?
The National Movement Alliance summarizes its goals in seeking to formulate a project for national consensus that includes everyone, whose mission is to bring the transitional period to the elections stage, and to reject foreign interference in local affairs.
Khartoum- In the vacuum separating the ruling military component and the protest forces in Sudan, a new alliance has emerged called the “National Movement Forces”, seeking – according to what was issued by its leaders – to “create a bond between the political and popular components, fearing that the political crisis will cause the situation to slip into frightening scenarios, Including a civil war.”
The Sudanese Resistance Committees – entities that emerged during the revolution against the ousted President Omar al-Bashir – are organizing a large-scale protest movement against the military takeover of power last October 25, and against the political agreement between the army chief, Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, and Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok on 21 last November.
The leadership of the coalition was entrusted to Tijani Sissi, the leader of the forces of the National Program Declaration, who had previously led an initiative to overcome the challenges surrounding the country, about a year ago.
Among the most prominent founding forces of the coalition, the name “Forces of Freedom and Change” (the National Charter) supporting Burhan’s measures, “Sudan of Justice” headed by Farah al-Aqar, the National Umma Party led by Abdullah Masar, and the Democratic Union of origin.
As well as the “Beja Conference”, a civil entity that emerged during the recent crisis of closing the ports of eastern Sudan, the Coordination of those dismissed from government institutions, and the National Front for Change.
Objectives and the relationship to the military component
Bishara Jum’a Arour, head of the media committee of the National Movement Alliance, summed up the goals of the coalition in two things. First, formulating a project for national consensus that includes everyone, and its task is to connect the transitional period to the elections stage, and secondly, reject foreign interference in local affairs.
Aror accuses – in his speech to Al Jazeera Net – embassies and international entities that he did not name, which he said are targeting the country’s unity, to serve special agendas.
Aror rejected accusations of the coalition working to provide a political incubator for the military component, stressing that the authority is not among their goals, which are currently summarized in managing the transitional period with a consensus that leads to free, fair and transparent elections.
The man denounced any attempts to put them in a state of alignment with the military component or hostility with the protest leaders in the street. He said that they are in contact with all parties to bring their views closer through dialogue, and push to remove the political suffocation, leading to the July 2023 elections.
For his part, political analyst Osama Abdel Majid believes that the National Movement Alliance is emerging at a time when there is a need for another street, in contrast to the street led by the Sudanese Communist Party under the guise of politicized resistance committees, as he put it.
Abdul Majid told Al-Jazeera Net that the political forces that have experience through their participation in the National Congress Party during the era of President Al-Bashir, feel the dangers from attempts to exclude them from the scene, which calls for creating new alignments, to restore the balance to its rightful place.
Regarding the alliance’s relationship with all the components in the arena, political analyst Taher al-Mu’tasim says that the forces of the national movement are “a military creation par excellence, to create an alternative incubator for the forces of freedom and change (the Central Council) that were overthrown by the “coup” on the night of October 25.
Al-Mu’tasim told Al-Jazeera Net that the new alliance is made up mostly of “opportunist forces, in support of the procedures of Al-Burhan, and they have no chances of gaining power except through political agreements.”
Al-Mu’tasim added to that, the alliance was in harmony with civil forces related to the military and the leader of the Rapid Support Forces, Lieutenant-General Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo (Hemedti).
The analyst said that “the leaders of the new alliance do not hide the state of hermetic hostility to the Sudanese revolution,” citing Abdullah Masar’s statements, in which he accused the revolutionary youth of “reprehensible epithets”, and emphasized “their possession of a street parallel to the revolutionary street.”
In the opinion of al-Mu’tasim, “the forces of the National Pact and the Beja Congress led by the Nazir Muhammad al-Amin left participated in the sit-in, which paved the way politically for the “coup”, while the figures of Kalsisi and Masar were part of the government that was toppled by the revolution in April 2019, and some of them were calling for the inauguration of al-Bashir as president of the country. forever”.
The future of the alliance
Despite the criticism, Bishara Arour, a leader in the coalition, says that its fruits will begin to appear by the new year 2022, by reducing the gap between the political forces and the many initiatives presented in the arena in favor of formulating a reality of consensus that can pass the transitional period to the elections stage safely.
In turn, the analyst Abdul Majid confirms that there is a great opportunity for the coalition to restructure the situation through the implementation of political tools, far from measurements based on crowds, as it is a useless mechanism, and it did not succeed in establishing the foundations of Al-Bashir’s rule despite his mobilization only days before his overthrow of millions in one of the capital’s districts. Sudanese.
As for the analyst, Taher Al-Mu’tasim, he says that the matter before and after is for the Sudanese street, which is determined to restore the democratic path, and to return the military to the barracks.