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Did the British get the origins of their genes and languages ​​from France 3,000 years ago?

The process of analyzing the genetic material in these human remains was met with disapproval by some, for fear that it might lead to provoking some problems and strife.

An in-depth study of ancient DNA samples by an international team has shown that a major wave of migration from France may also have brought the first Celtic languages ​​across the English Channel to Britain 3,000 years ago.

One of the most complex puzzles

The writer Franz Leeds says in this the report 3 years ago, the scientific journal Nature had announced the success of joint research efforts among several countries (led by David Reich, a geneticist at Harvard University) that enabled the unveiling of One of the most complex mysteries in the prehistoric era in Britain, as researchers were able, by analyzing the remains of DNA in the remains of 400 European people, to prove that 4,500 years ago, nomadic shepherds moved from the plains of the eastern edge of Europe to the center of the continent, and in some parts of it appear Their DNA affected 75% of the inherited genes of the current population.

After that, the descendants of these nomads moved west towards Britain, where they mixed with the Neolithic people, to the extent that within a few hundred years these newcomers represented more than 90% of the genes of this island, so that this research shows that Britain was completely re-colonized from on the part of these immigrants.

DNA remains were analyzed in the remains of 400 European people (Pixabe)

Great Migration

And last Wednesday, the journal Nature published a new research paper in which Dr. Reich provided amazing information about the genomic history of Britain, and this study – in which 223 researchers participated – documents a previously unknown major migration towards Britain between 1300 and 800 BC, as the analysis of the acid Al-Nawawi in the remains of 793 people revealed a mass exodus in the late Bronze Age that carried with it about half of the ancestors of the inhabitants of England and Wales, and this discovery may solve another mystery in British history, given that this exodus may have carried with it the first Celtic languages ​​from Europe to this island.

According to the results, during the period between 1000 and 875 BC, the presence of the ancestors of European farmers increased only in southern Britain and not in the north, and these new arrivals are similar in genes to those of the ancient inhabitants of France.

These arrivals represented half of the genetic makeup of the population of southern Britain during the Iron Age, which began in about 750 BC and continued to the extent of the arrival of the Romans in the year 43 AD, which explains the previous results of DNA analysis, which focused on this period and showed that the European presence in Britain It was marginal.

The writer quotes Ian Armitt, an archaeologist at the University of York and one of the participants in this research, that scientists for a long time believed that movements across the English Channel during the middle and late Bronze Age were limited to commercial exchanges, and travel for this long distance was limited to a minority of merchants and military groups, But DNA samples show that large numbers of people from all walks of life were traveling to Britain.

The movement of people across the English Channel shaped Britain in the Bronze Age (the island)

Human movement is the factor

The writer says that the results of this study represent a great victory for science, and provide a look at Britain in the Bronze Age, the movement of population through the centuries, and its consequences on the cultural and linguistic level.

He pointed out that Dr. Reich – who is a pioneer in the field of ancient genetics – was able to analyze a large number of ancient DNA samples, thanks to technological development that made this process easier and less expensive, as the team of researchers determined the DNA sequence of the remains of ancient skeletons. Then comparing it with genetic samples of living people, in order to determine the genetic characteristics of people who lived a long time ago, a process that all archaeologists and excavations failed to reach.

On the other hand, the writer points out that the process of analyzing the genetic material in these human remains was met with disapproval by some, fearing that it would lead to provoking some problems and strife, given that carrying out these analyzes in other regions could lead to asking questions about the reality of the indigenous population in some countries. Which will fuel nationalism and xenophobia.

Dr. Reich points out that the movement of people has always been the factor that leads to the transfer and development of languages, and it seems clear that the wave of immigration from Europe was the cause of the spread of the first Celtic dialects in Britain, as this language is agreed by everyone that it descends from the Indo-European languages, and it spread from Europe is heading west, but there has been disagreement over how and when it would move to Britain.

These new results indicate that the speakers of this language began to spread in Britain through the city of Kent, located in the southeast of England, separated from the French coast by the English Channel.

These results confirm that Celtic speakers then transferred their language towards the north, west and south of England until their language became the tyrant in most parts of Britain, before new languages ​​arrived later with waves of immigration, such as Latin brought by the Romans, English brought by the Anglo-Saxons, and Norse language which It was brought by the Vikings, and the French by the Normans.



Reference-www.aljazeera.net

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