In light of the political blockage and polarization… Will the return to the constitutional monarchy solve the Libyan crisis?
While Libyans see the return to the constitutional monarchy as one of the currently available options, political analysts consider that the current situation of the Libyan crisis makes it difficult to return to the constitutional monarchy due to the adherence of internal and external parties to the tools of change.
Tripoli- Prince Muhammad Al-Senussi, son of the son of the former Crown Prince of Libya, Hassan Al-Rida Al-Senussi (during the reign of King Idris), re-introduced the initiative to return to the monarchy and adopt the constitutional monarchy to get out of the crisis after the elections were postponed.
Since the fall of the regime of late President Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, local organizations related to the “Return of the Royal Constitutional Movement” have been organizing a special celebration of Libya’s Independence Day, to remind the importance of returning to the royal constitution as a solution to the current crisis.
Loyalists of Prince Muhammad al-Hassan al-Ridha al-Senussi present the Libyan constitution of 1951, and consider that it provided broad political and social freedoms and achieved stability for the people and a clear solution to the problems of governance and authority that the country suffers from.
Politicians who support the royal family believe that the constitutional monarchy will be the savior from the chaos in the country, especially since the “legitimate crown prince” is far from political squabbles, has not been involved in any war, and has not had blood on his hands in the Libyan arena, as they say.
But others believe that Crown Prince Al-Senussi does not appear much to the Libyans, is far from the political scene, and did not interfere in resolving the stifling crises that afflict the country.
The head of the Preparatory Committee for the National Conference to Activate the Independence Constitution, Ashraf Boudwara, believes that the basis of Prince Al-Senussi’s calls for the project is the restoration of the legitimate and legal Libyan constitution in force of 1969 as a starting point on the way back to the state of the constitutional state.
Boudwara believes that returning to the form of the monarchy system stipulated in the constitution is very important to find a guarantor reference to avoid the problems that afflict the country. The provisions of the Kingdom’s constitution have proven its balance, strength and suitability to the Libyan identity, and its decisive role in spreading justice and ideas of peace, settlement, integration and trust among Libyans, he said.
He told Al Jazeera Net that the constitutional monarchy is capable of managing the Libyan issue in a constitutional manner, ending the political struggle over power, money and division, and controversy over party affiliations and political figures.
And he added, “Since the system of government in the constitution is a constitutional, hereditary monarchy, and not absolute, His Royal Highness, Crown Prince Muhammad al-Hassan al-Senussi represents the system of government in it in accordance with its legal and constitutional legitimacy, and it will be a symbol and an umbrella for all Libyans and a guarantee of the country’s unity, stability and security.”
According to Boudwara, the absence of a clear project for the future of Libya, and the inability to come to terms with a realistic initiative that would help get out of the current political crisis with a real initiative around which the Libyans would rally, led to the loudness of voices in Libya for the return of the constitutional monarchy, as a result of the political division and conflict between the parties.
He pointed out that Crown Prince Al-Senussi is a consensual figure on which the Libyans meet, “because he was not involved in Libyan blood or in the struggle for power and money, and he did not participate in rampant corruption, in addition to his communication with Libyans in the east, south and west, and his close follow-up of the conflict and crisis in the country.”
For his part, a member of the Libyan Organization for Calling for Constitutional Legitimacy, Al-Amin Al-Shtiwi, considered that some Libyans see the return to the constitutional monarchy as one of the available options currently possible despite the state of polarization and sharp division in the Libyan street regarding several issues.
Al-Shteiwi told Al-Jazeera Net, “The Crown Prince has the capabilities and know-how in the Libyan issue that qualifies him to take charge of matters, and he has a clear vision in this regard locally and internationally.”
According to Al-Shtoi, Prince Mohammed does not communicate with the negatively interfering parties in the Libyan crisis. Rather, he distances himself from all interactions and stands at the same distance from all parties, and he enjoys popularity based on social depth among many Libyan components.
He points out that the Senussi family brings together Prince Muhammad al-Hassan as the legitimate heir to the reign of the covenant in accordance with the royal constitution, decrees and orders of King Idris, and the members of the royal house are defined in the person of the king, his crown prince and his children, with the rest of the Senussi family, who are ordinary citizens.
Crisis does not allow
In turn, political analyst Musa Tehousai believes that the current situation in the Libyan crisis makes it difficult to return to the constitutional monarchy due to the adherence of internal and external parties to the tools of change in the arena.
Tehusay added to Al Jazeera Net, “There is no doubt that there is a large segment of Libyans who want to return to the constitutional monarchy, and this is their demand for what they see as a return to calm and stability.”
He points out that influencing the Libyan political scene requires a coarse force to impose any vision, which makes the return of the monarchy very difficult, especially since most of the parties that have the power will not accept the constitutional monarchy.
But he said that the parties that are not accepting calls for a return to the constitutional monarchy will lose their influence, influence and forces that guarantee them to remain on the scene and reproduce themselves at every stage.