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The country was plunged into a new crisis..the causes and outcomes of the current round of conflict between the two heads of power in Somalia

Mogadishu – The conflict between the two heads of power in Somalia has re-emerged after Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo’s decision to suspend the powers of Somali Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Robley, who rejected the decision and considered it an attempt to overthrow legitimacy and the constitution and an attempt to thwart the upcoming elections.

Many believe that the return of quarrels between the two men may negatively affect the elections, for which preparations are proceeding very slowly, and this may cause the country to slide into security tensions that may devour the gains on the political and security levels.

The president based his decision to suspend the powers of his rival on charges of corruption and possession of state-owned land, which he said are under investigation.

Farmajo also challenged Robley’s performance regarding the electoral process, accusing him of failing to organize the elections in the country on the basis of the September 17, 2020 agreement, accusations that Robley met with in denial, considering the Somali president a stumbling block in the electoral process.

Reasons for the current dispute

The current dispute resulted from the prime minister’s dismissal of 7 members of the Electoral Dispute Resolution Committee, and the dismissal of the head of the Federal Election Commission.

Robley believes that this step may contribute to the integrity of the electoral process, which is his responsibility, while Farmajo sees it as a deliberate targeting and exclusion of his loyalists from the electoral commissions, which illustrates the vast gap between two visions.

This tug of war almost devolved into a state of violence after a force of the Somali army tried to prevent Prime Minister Robley from reaching his office located in the presidential compound, had it not been for the intervention of the army and police leaders, where he was then able to hold a press conference in which he accused President Farmajo By preventing him and preventing ministers from performing their constitutional duties by using military force, with the aim of obstructing the electoral process and staying in power for a longer period, he said.

Robley added that Farmajo is a candidate for the presidency, and that, like any other candidate, he must prepare to compete, and that the government is responsible for leading, managing and managing the affairs of the country in this transitional period, and therefore he does not have the right to submit orders to the armed forces and does not have the right to receive orders from him. Bring violators to court.

Searching for a solution

Regardless of who wins the current round of conflict between the two parties, the escalation and renewed dispute between them may – unless it is resolved quickly – all efforts made to rebuild the state, which was on the way to recovering from the scourge of a civil war that lasted more than a quarter of a century, according to the writer and analyst. Politician Anwar Ahmed Mio in an interview with Al Jazeera Net.

Mio considered that accelerating the holding of the elections represents a solution to get out of the political impasse and the current dispute that guarantees the peaceful transfer of power, and that whenever the electoral process is delayed, it is natural that we witness such disputes that Somalia, which is exhausted with many political and economic problems, must, therefore, the senior leaders in The country gives priority to the public interest and adherence to the constitution and laws.

The two officials had entered into a similar dispute last September, which resulted from the dismissal of the Director of the National Intelligence Agency, Fahd Yassin, against the background of the disappearance of an employee in the intelligence service, who the agency said was kidnapped and killed by Al-Shabab, but this tension was contained on October 21. Last year after reaching a political settlement mediated by the President of Southwest State of Somalia, Abdelaziz Liftagren.

local and international intervention

In turn, the editor of the Mogadishu Press website, Abdel Qader Muhammad Othman, believes that the new dispute takes the same course, and that it will most likely be resolved either by neutral states that are not aligned with one of the two parties to the conflict, which is likely by making concessions and reaching satisfactory political solutions for the two officials, or through the intervention of the Mogadishu Press website. From the international parties, as it is expected that these efforts will lead to containing the tension generated by the current dispute.

However, Farhan Ishaq Yusuf, deputy head of the Center for the Public Agenda, rules out the success of any internal efforts to extinguish the spark of the raging dispute between the Somali president and the prime minister, because the previous mediation carried out by some states to end the dispute between them did not last more than two months, which makes international intervention may be more effective. In this case.

He believes that the alignment of the states to one of the parties to the dispute makes them outside the circle of effective influence in the path of reconciliation and withdraws from them the keys to the solution.

While the conflict escalates internally, the US State Department considered that “the attempt to freeze the Somali prime minister is alarming”, and confirmed its support for his efforts to organize quick elections.

The Reuters news agency quoted the US State Department as saying that Washington is ready to confront those who obstruct the peace process in Somalia.

It is noteworthy that Somalia entered into an armed struggle for power after the overthrow of the former military regime in 1991, but the Somalis agreed to build their state again in 2000, and after 12-year transitional periods, they agreed on a temporary constitution within the country’s exit from the transitional period to build a government with full powers.

Two elections were held in 2012 and 2016, and similar elections were expected in 2020, but they were postponed due to differences between the political parties, and although preparations for the current electoral process began last August, they are proceeding very slowly, and less than 100 members were elected out of 329 members of the Somali Parliament.



Reference-www.aljazeera.net

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