Its verses are written in black ink and the names of its surahs in red.. A 13th century Quran handwritten in an Iraqi village
Sulaymaniyah- In a village in the Sulaymaniyah Governorate in the Kurdistan region of Iraq on the border with Iran, one of its residents keeps a very old Quran that is said to be more than 700 years old and written by a cleric in handwriting. Many stories revolve around the Qur’an. Including the confession of many people of sins or bad deeds they committed when threatening to bring this Qur’an and swearing an oath on it, and it became known as the “Old Qur’an”.
The details of the Quran – which is about 37 centimeters long and 26 centimeters wide, and weighs about 2,200 kilograms – reveal that it was written on a rare type of paper. Oil and other materials were used to paint the paper that tends to yellow with the words of the fence and verses written on it, and this made it resistant to the effects of heat. And humidity and maintained its survival until now despite the passage of all these times.
The verses of the Qur’an were written in black ink, while the red color was used to number the surahs in it, in addition to writing a simple explanation for each page of the verses and the surahs.
The Qur’an represents a heritage, historical, aesthetic and artistic value, and it is no different from any other copy of the Holy Qur’an in its form, content, words, letters and movements, says Khader Abdullah (66 years), who still keeps the Qur’an in his home, inherited from his ancestors.
In his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, Abdullah indicates that the historical sources and the elderly who lived in the village confirm that the Qur’an was written in the handwriting of the well-known cleric in the village and one of its greatest scholars, “Imam Daoud”.
The residents of the village kept the Qur’an in the mosque previously, which also bore the name of its writer, but there were several attempts to steal it from unknown persons, with attempts by the concerned authorities to take it and keep it in the museum, but the residents of the village refused this more than once, considering that it is their own cultural heritage. They resort to him to swear an oath or supplication during the occurrence of problems and disasters on their village, and this is what prompted Abdullah to keep him until now in his home and prevent his handing over to any government agency.
The Qur’an has several interesting and interesting stories related to theft, lying, and others carried out by people, whether from the residents of the village or from neighboring and even remote villages.
Abdullah still recalls an incident he witnessed years ago; It is for a young man who denied stealing it for a need in the village and swore to it several times, but when they brought the mentioned Qur’an and asked him to swear an oath on him that he had not stolen, he cried and collapsed and confessed to his act, saying, “Yes, I stole, but please keep this Qur’an away from me,” due to its great position among the residents of the village. and others.
The aforementioned village is one of the oldest historical villages in Iraqi Kurdistan, and it still contains large-sized graves dating back to previous centuries, but the lack of attention and attention from government agencies made it one of the forgotten areas, says Othman Marf, 58, one of its notables.
In his talk to Al Jazeera Net, Marv still recalls a story that happened when he was young while their village was being bombed and displaced at the end of the seventies of the last century, how a person ran towards the mosque during the arrival of a large military force amid heavy dust, with the smell of gunpowder spreading everywhere and the constant bombing to get out The Qur’an was removed from the mosque and was prevented from burning due to the violent artillery shelling that the village was subjected to at that time, and many other stories.
For his part, teacher Zana Johar – one of the people who learned to read and write in his childhood thanks to this Quran, with lessons that were given in mosques several decades ago in their village – says that there are many people who now hold higher degrees who learned to read and write through this Quran.
Jawhar – in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net – criticizes the concerned authorities for not showing any care or interest in the archaeological and historical places in their village, and says if this copy of the Qur’an was in any other country, a lot of historical studies and research would have been conducted on it to reveal the materials used in writing it, especially the paper used in it. .