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An article in Le Monde newspaper: Assad leads the Captagon trade in the Middle East

Dissuading the Assad regime from pursuing such a lucrative trade would require more effort, and it could boast of turning its country into the first narcotics state worthy of that name in the Middle East.

An article in the French newspaper Le Monde stated that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad developed the industrial production of the drug Captagon in Syria, in order to circumvent international sanctions and consolidate his loyalty networks.

The expert on Middle East affairs, Jean-Pierre Filiu-Ve article On his blog in the newspaper – that Bashar al-Assad was not satisfied with crimes against humanity, war crimes, organized massacres, systematic rape, enforced disappearance campaigns, the expulsion of entire population groups, and other crimes attributed to him; He added to it now – convinced of his impunity – the crime of mass production and aggressive marketing of drugs, until the Syrian territories under his control became the main production area for Captagon.

Abu Al-Hilalin

The writer mentioned that when the late President Hafez al-Assad sent his army to occupy a large part of Lebanon in 1976, he did not waste time and took his tax on the flourishing hashish in the Lebanese Bekaa Valley, then encouraged the development of poppy cultivation there, before establishing laboratories to convert locally produced opium into heroin under the The control of the occupied Syrian army, and the emperors of the Assad regime who run this lucrative trade established gangs in Syria called “Shabiha”.

The writer added that the head of Military Intelligence, Major General Ali Doba, heads this “organization” (the cartel), before it was marginalized by Bashar al-Assad, who succeeded his father Hafez in 2000 and became the absolute leader of Syria. However, the withdrawal of the Syrian army from Lebanon in 2005, under popular pressure, led To end the mafia’s first cycle of the Syrian dictatorship, as the writer put it.

As for the second cycle – according to the author – it began a few years ago, but this time in the Syrian territories under the control of the Assad regime, and the supply in this case was adjusted according to the very strong demand for Captagon, an artificial substance that initially depends on fentilin, called “Abu al-Hilalin”. ‘, due to the intertwined letters “C” drawn on it as a trademark.

The prosperity of the local Captagon manufacturing workshops was accompanied by the descent of the Syrian militias into the abyss of the Syrian war, in order to first supply the fighters with synthetic steroids, and then guarantee a source of foreign currency for the local forces.

ISIS elements developed their own Captagon industry, to be smuggled either to Turkey or to areas loyal to Assad. However, the regime’s restoration of lands from ISIS, with the help of the Russian Air Force and militias loyal to Iran, has made Assad today – according to the author – the undisputed leader of Captagon. regional scope.

Led by Maher Al-Assad

The writer says that the international sanctions imposed on the Assad regime led to a proactive policy for the production and marketing of Captagon under the executive responsibility of Major General Maher al-Assad, the president’s younger brother, and head of the Fourth Division, which is implicated in many killings and violations. Therefore, Syrian soldiers wearing military uniforms protect Captagon production workshops. , if not originally produced in a military zone with restricted access, the tight network of Fourth Division checkpoints throughout territory under the control of the Assad regime allows for the smooth handling of shipments of amphetamine.

The writer adds that an investigation published by The New York Times last month identified two beneficiaries of the war, who are known to be the main “civilian” channels for such trade; One of them is Amer Khaiti, who became a deputy after the “legislative elections”, as a reward for his loyal services, and the second is Khader Taher, who was awarded the Order of Merit by Assad in the same context.

The writer concluded that dissuading the Assad regime from pursuing such a profitable trade would require more efforts, concluding that the “Syrian tyrant” – as he put it – could boast of turning his country into the first drug state worthy of this name in the Middle East.



Reference-www.aljazeera.net

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