Does the dispute between the House of Representatives and the state threaten the future of a political solution in Libya?

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Tripoli – The House of Representatives’ vote to exclude the Supreme Council of State from participating in the recommendation of the new prime minister sparked renewed controversy over the future of the political process, despite confirming the continuation of consultations between the two chambers.

The parliamentary decision may re-establish the difference between the House of Representatives and the state, which are competing for the right of each to choose the new executive authority after the failure of the presidential and parliamentary elections to be held on time on December 24 last.

The State Council did not officially respond to the parliament’s decision, but private sources told Al-Jazeera correspondent in Libya that there is communication between the two presidencies of the House of Representatives and the state to resolve this difference to form a new government in consultation and agreement on sovereign positions.

At the conclusion of the session yesterday, Tuesday, Parliament Spokesman Abdullah Blehaq affirmed the continuation of consultation with the State Council in accordance with the political agreement to achieve political consensus, especially with regard to the road map with its various tracks: constitutional, political, security, executive and the file of sovereign positions.

In the session, the majority of members of the House of Representatives agreed to replace the current executive authority, singling out the new cabinet, and refusing the participation of the Supreme Council of State in it, but they differed over the term of the new government and its program of work.

The House of Representatives approved 13 conditions in the roadmap to run for the position of prime minister of the next government, including that the new prime minister obtain the recommendation of 25 members of the House of Representatives, and 15 members of the State Council, and that the new president not have the nationality of another country, in addition to submitting a written pledge not to be nominated. for the upcoming elections, and to submit his resignation before running for office.

no longer a partner

Member of Parliament, Muhammad Al-Abani, said that excluding the State Council, which is no longer a partner in the political process, is intended to enable Parliament to fulfill its mandated obligations without obstruction from anyone regarding the paths of the road map.

In his statement to Al-Jazeera Net, Al-Abani confirmed that opening the door for candidacy and accepting candidates to head the new government will start from the next session of the House of Representatives.

Al-Abani stated that the House of Representatives has set clear conditions for candidacy, and whoever meets these conditions can apply to the House of Representatives, which will conduct a comparison among the applicants to assign the best of them to form the next government.

Behavior has not changed

Member of the Supreme Council of State, Fathallah Al-Sariri, confirmed that the House of Representatives’ actions have not changed, taking unilateral steps by proposing a change of government without agreeing on an integrated road plan with specific features and durations.

The head of the Legal Committee of the State Council added, “There is no mechanism for choosing a new government or a road map, knowing that the executive authority came within a closed, indivisible, four-way list.”

Al-Sariri told Al-Jazeera Net that “the House of Representatives may withdraw confidence from the government’s ministers without its president, or re-form the entire executive authority.”

Al-Sariri indicated that if the House of Representatives does not abide by the terms of the political agreement – the constitutional document governing the transitional period – there will be no real consultation, and the political process will remain in the world of unknowns and the transitional stages will be extended after the electoral process has been aborted.

Prime Minister of the National Unity Government Abdel Hamid al-Dabaiba speaking at a press conference in Tripoli (Anadolu Agency)

exclude it does not have

A member of the Supreme Council of State, Qassem Dabarz, stressed that the House of Representatives does not have the right to exclude the State Council, and that it is not within its competence and tasks to be the only political decision in the country, given that the ruling document for the current stage is the political agreement.

Debers told Al Jazeera Net, “All tracks must be addressed in parallel by consensus between the competent committees stipulated between the House of Representatives and the state, and nothing will pass without agreement on it, including the formation of a new government.”

Debars explained that it is important to focus on the constitutional path to organize elections, and to involve all the competent authorities and the Constitutional Commission in order to put the constitution to a referendum in order to organize political life and get out of the current crisis.

Missed a historic opportunity

Political analyst Musa Tehosay believes that excluding the House of Representatives from recommending the new government prejudices its political partner, the State Council, in agreeing to form a new government instead of the national unity government.

“The House of Representatives missed a historic opportunity by agreeing with the State Council for the first time to form a new government in agreement between them, and if this agreement occurs, it will enhance the chances of calm, dialogue and reaching a solution to the various differences between the Libyan parties,” Tehosay added to Al Jazeera Net.

Tehousay ruled out returning Libya to square one after forming a new government, stressing that the sharp political alignment might lose the hopes of the Libyans for change and the removal of non-developable bodies.

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