Israel explodes a crisis inside the African Union

Addis Ababa – Will Israel continue its infiltration into the African continent after it invaded it through the export of weapons, investments and the provision of agricultural technology?

This may be the central question at the 35th summit of the continent’s presidents and leaders in early February.

South Africa is at the forefront of the continent’s countries that oppose granting Israel observer status in the African Union (Al-Jazeera)

It was not the first time that Israel submitted a request to grant it membership in this union as an observer. Its applications were rejected in 2013, 2015 and 2016, but the head of the organization, Moussa Faki, decided unilaterally to give it this capacity on July 22, 2021, which the Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra described as irresponsible. He paid 25 countries to demand that he back down.

This rejection by many African countries of the resolution prompted Faki to postpone the decision on whether or not to approve it until the summit was held in early February. The list of countries that opposed are South Africa, Tunisia, Eritrea, Senegal, Tanzania, Niger, Comoros, Gabon, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Liberia, Mali, Seychelles.

The Chairperson of the African Union Commission during his speech at the meeting of the Ministerial Council of the African Union in the year 2021, in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, which submitted the file of Israel’s membership to the African Summit Source: Al Jazeera CameraFaki took a unilateral decision to grant Israel observer status in the African Union on July 22, 2021 (Al-Jazeera)

What are the reasons for Tel Aviv’s insistence on obtaining membership?

It is not new, and certainly it will not be just building bridges with the countries of the continent, as it has diplomatic representation in 46 countries on the continent, but Israel – which has succeeded in melting mountains of ice by normalizing its relations with some Arab countries has kept historical enmity with it since its establishment – looks down Far to prove its existence as an active force in the east of the continent, where the Red Sea is the most important passage for global trade, and the artery that feeds the West with oil through Bab al-Mandab and the exit of the Suez Canal on the Mediterranean.

Ramtan Lamamra described the decision to grant Israel membership of an observer as irresponsible (Al-Jazeera)

Are there gains for Israel from its presence in Africa?

The security and political axis is the strongest, but the economy and technology are the soft forces that penetrate into Africa. After a rupture with most of the countries of the continent after the June 1973 war, Israel was able to restore its relations with the boycotting countries after signing the peace agreement with Egypt (March 26, 1979). ) Because the Africans cut diplomatic relations with it in solidarity with Egypt, as it is the African country that has been subjected to Israeli aggression.

Therefore, Israel has entered into greater competition for China to acquire a larger piece of the economy in a continent that studies have proven to contain the largest stock of natural resources such as minerals, oil, agricultural products, and others, estimated at the equivalent of 30% of the world’s natural resources.

What are the areas of cooperation between African countries and Tel Aviv?

In addition to the above, Tel Aviv has other goals in this continent because of its promising and diversified investment opportunities that aspire to enter through its gate, including promises to transfer modern technology in the field of agriculture in which its companies have emerged, and to develop methods and methods of agriculture for Africans, and it does not neglect From selling offensive and defensive weapons produced by its war factories and whose revenues supplement its budget, as one of the largest arms exporters to Africa.

A group picture of the foreign ministers of African countries who disagreed over Israel's membership The meeting of the African Union Ministerial Council in 2021, which raised the file of Israel's membership to the African Summit Source: Al Jazeera CameraAfrican foreign ministers failed in 2021 to reach a unified position regarding Israel’s membership (Al-Jazeera)

How much does Israel gain and what does Palestine lose?

In general, some aspects of profit and loss can be expected if the Israeli request for an observer seat is accepted, which is to destabilize the majority of African countries’ support for the Palestinian cause in the corridors of the African Union, or within the framework of these countries’ relations and sympathy with the Palestinians for many years.

The breakthrough – which resulted from the normalization of relations with Israel by Arab members of the union under American pressure and protection – is an important factor in weakening African cohesion and the support of the countries of the continent to the Palestinian cause, in favor of the occupation.

Thus, Israel – which opened its first diplomatic representation headquarters in the Ghanaian capital Accra in 1956 – is now putting its credentials before African leaders and presidents at their annual summit, after having previously responded to its heels 3 times, so will we see its flag flying on the mast of the African Union in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa? Or will this be the fourth time that his request has been rejected in light of the opposition of influential countries warning of the impact of the decision on the unity of the Union after the division it caused between its countries? This is what the results of the summit will reveal.

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