500 nurses leave per month and about two million expatriates in 2020.. Migration is a crisis that threatens Iran’s future
Economic and social problems are among the motivating factors for emigration, in contrast to the incentives offered by foreign countries to attract Iranian human resources, especially among the educated and university graduates.
Tehran- “I have nothing left to blackmail the pain.. Suffice me from the lonely, carefree and old.” In this verse of the Iraqi poet Muhammad Mahdi Al-Jawahiri, the Iranian young man, Muhammad Mahdi (pseudonym), tells the story of his pain in seeking to leave his country, in search of a decent life.
Two decades ago, Mahdi, 39, left the city of Abadan in southwestern Iran, happily graduating from the Arabic language and literature branch at the University of Tehran, a language that he loved since his childhood, and participated in the master’s exam after completing the army service, and continued to study at the doctoral stage. , hoping to reach his goal of getting a professor position in one of his country’s universities.
Mahdi – to Al Jazeera Net – says, “I was disappointed after the universities rejected my request to join the faculty because of administrative corruption and nepotism, despite my superiority and the strength of my scientific and research biography,” adding that he was not the only one who aspired to get a job in a foreign country after Iran narrowed it down to what it welcomed. .
Al Jazeera Net – after contacting a number of visa and immigration offices in Mader Square, north of Tehran, and another concerned with translating academic certificates in Al-Thawra Square in the center of the capital – found that the number of Iranians wishing to immigrate abroad has increased over the past two years.
The question that observers in Iran constantly ask; Why does the citizen resort to leaving his country and bear the bitterness of alienation?
Reasons for emigration
For his part, the Secretary of the Iranian Talents Association Safdar Zare’i Hosseinabadi revealed that 82 out of the 86 academics who had won medals in the Science Olympiad emigrated 82 outperformers, and attributed the reason for their emigration to the lack of interest in them at home.
In this context, Khanum Nyusha, who works in an immigration office in Tehran, said, “What I felt during my conversation with many who wish to immigrate is that they have reached a state of despair over the improvement of their living conditions here, especially after the Corona pandemic, as many of them lost their source of livelihood.”
And she saw – in her speech to Al Jazeera Net – that economic and social problems are among the motivating factors for migration, in exchange for the incentives offered by foreign countries to attract Iranian human resources, especially among the educated and university graduates.
The loss of the Iranian currency’s value, and the living crisis caused by foreign sanctions, are at the forefront of the reasons for Iranian emigration, according to the director of the Iranian Migration Observatory Bahram Salwati, who revealed that nurses and doctors top the list of those wishing to emigrate.
In a statement to Khabar Online, Salwati considered unemployment as one of the factors affecting the rise in Iranians’ desire to emigrate, especially with its prevalence among university graduates compared to males, which makes these graduates a legitimate immigration project.
The director of the Migration Observatory pointed out that global statistics show that the average income of the average citizen in many foreign countries is 10 times what the Iranian citizen earns in his country.
Salwati said that Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands and France are the main destinations for Iranian immigrants to the West, and he has excluded Britain as outside the European bloc, but it is considered the second destination after Germany for Iranian immigrants in Europe.
Destinations and Categories
The head of the Iranian Nurses Syndicate, Mohammad Sharifi Moghadam, revealed that the emigration among nurses had increased by 200 to 300%, following the outbreak of the Corona virus, explaining that the number of immigrants among them rose from 5 people to 500 per month.
The results of opinion polls conducted by the “Q Analytics” center last December show that 33% of the respondents expressed their desire to emigrate, and 80% of this category attributed the reason for this to getting out of the difficult economic conditions they are experiencing.
The results of the survey stated that the desire of Iranians to emigrate is twice the global average, and it is also higher than the immigration rate in the Middle East.
In the same context, the Scientific and Technical Assistant to the Presidency of the Iranian Republic presented last January its latest report under the title “International Migration of Iranians according to International Standards” to President Ibrahim Raisi, explaining that the number of Iranian expatriates exceeded one million and 900 thousand people in 2020, which is equivalent to 2.29 % of Iranian society.
Following the protests in some Iranian cities over water scarcity over the past few years, the drought entered the line of the Iranian immigration crisis, which prompted some officials to warn of the repercussions of not addressing the water shortage on the demographic reality in the country.
The representative of the city of Saravan in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan in southeastern Iran, Malak Fadhili, warned that about 200,000 people from the city will join the ranks of immigrants, if the water crisis is not addressed during the next two years.
In his speech under the dome of Parliament, MP Fadli criticized the policy of constructing dams on rivers in areas facing a water shortage crisis, stressing that the people of these areas are forced to leave their homes due to the lack of water in them.