For the second day.. the African summit continues, terrorism, coups and the Corona pandemic are at the top of its work

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The work of the 35th African Union Heads of State and Government Summit continues for the second day in a row in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, and it is scheduled to discuss files related to the organization’s institutional reform, assessing the progress of the “Africa Agenda 2063” projects, and irregular migration.

Al-Jazeera correspondent said that the ministerial delegations are still working on issuing the final statement, which will be issued this evening, while the presidents continue to leave Addis Ababa after their participation yesterday in the opening session.

The reporter added that there are signs of forming an African mechanism aimed at distributing vaccines against the Covid-19 virus to 60% of the continent’s population.

The reporter pointed out that about a fifth of the African population suffers from undernourishment, which the spokeswoman for the Secretary-General of the United Nations stressed during her participation in the summit to urge a treatment of this problem.

The summit faces challenges related to agricultural development and nutrition on the continent, and efforts to combat the Corona epidemic (Covid-19), and it also discusses the decision to grant Israel observer status, an item that sparked controversy in the opening session of the summit yesterday.

The 15 countries that were elected to the African Peace and Security Council are scheduled to be approved today, and the leaders are also expected to decide in their meeting the place and date of the extraordinary summit on terrorism, and another summit on industrialization and economic diversification.

The first day witnessed a focus on the security and stability of the continent, especially in light of 6 coups or attempts to seize power in the western countries of the continent over the past 18 months, when the African Union did not take decisive decisions.

These developments in Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Mali, Sudan and Chad have raised regional and international concern, but it is not clear whether the African Union – which was formed in its current form 20 years ago – will take measures that affect the leaders in those countries.

Also on the first day, African leaders called for the union to have a greater role in the international arena, emphasizing that the security situation on the continent witnessed an increase in terrorism rates and unconstitutional changes, as the African Commission Chairperson Moussa Faki said.

Public differences also emerged yesterday between the members of the union regarding the bloc’s relationship with Israel, as Moussa Faki defended his unilateral agreement last year to accept Israel’s request for observer status in the African Union.

This decision was criticized by several member states of the union, including South Africa, Algeria, Nigeria and the Southern African regional bloc, while Palestinian Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh – in his speech at the opening session – saw that observer status “is a reward that (Israel) does not deserve, and encourages it to continue.” its violations and breaches of international conventions and agreements.

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