The heritage investigator who enriched Arabic..Ahmed Taymour Pasha, the encyclopedic writer of Kurdish origins

Cairo – Perhaps it would not have been surprising if Ahmed Taymour Pasha was of Arab descent, and he produced all this rich production in relation to the Arab heritage, both in terms of classical and colloquial.

However, Ahmed Taymour, born on this day in 1871 to a Turkish mother and a Kurdish father, came in a historical circumstance that made this birth to non-Arab parents a great advantage, as the governor Muhammad Ali established a policy that his sons followed after him, represented in the use of the sons of ethnicities and minorities, for political goals. , within his renaissance and separatist project.

He was among those whom Muhammad al-Kashif Pasha, grandfather of Ahmed Taymour sought, and the family inherited the glory of the grandfather, so their children received a luxurious education, which allowed them a great deal of advancement.

Among the literary family, Aisha al-Taymouri, who was one of the pioneers of feminist work, who was considered a spiritual mother to her brother Ahmed Taymour, emerged from the line until he excelled in his field in a way that surpassed many of the people of Arab origin.

Arabian Knight

Our friend was born in Darb Saadeh in the center of Cairo, where the father chose this place due to its proximity to his workplace as head of the Khedive Ismail’s office, but he did not prepare to study his son’s knowledge in his literary field, as he died months after the birth of the youngster.

Thanks to the abundance of money and the proximity to power, this family was able to educate the son in French schools, and to learn several languages ​​besides French, including Farsi, as well as the mother tongue, which is Kurdish.

From the works of the late Egyptian writer Ahmed Taymour Pasha (communication sites)

Since his early rise, Ahmed Taymour did not rely only on indoctrination as a way of learning, but sought to diversify and enrich his knowledge himself and to draw directly from the teachers of his time. He studied Arabic and Islamic sciences at the hands of Sheikh Hassan Al-Taweel, Imam Muhammad Abdo, Sheikh Al-Shanqiti, and Hassan Abdel-Wahhab.

The kindness of predestination is evident in the clarity of this model, as Ahmed Taymour seemed to adhere to Arabic and the Islamic identity more than many Arab writers, despite the trend of the ruling Alawi family, and his famous saying that “the Kurds are Arabs” refused to join a “Turanian” association that includes non-Egyptians.

In parallel with his rejection of groups that encourage dissent, Ahmed Taymour encouraged the establishment of entities that unite the nation, such as the Muslim Youth Association and contributed his money to it, and participated in the activities of the Islamic Guidance Association. its holdings.

He was also chosen as a member of the Committee for the Reform of Al-Azhar in 1924, and he made an outstanding effort in the Committee for the Revival of Arabic Books, which was founded by Imam Muhammad Abdo.

In culmination of his efforts, King Fouad chose him for membership in the first Senate, and granted him the rank of Pashawi.


Ahmed Taymour’s bookcase included more than 18,000 volumes, and he recorded many comments on the margins of his manuscripts and newspapers of his books, as he devoted his life to research, investigation, writing, study and correction, but he chose not to hurry to publish his works because he remained concerned with refining them all the time, so many of his books remained in his handwriting to be published after his death.

In fact, in his book “The Notables of the Thirteenth Century and the Early Fourteenth Hijri Century,” he tore up most of what he wrote because of the insistence of his acquaintances that he write about their relatives in a way that does not correspond to history, while he singled out the history of his family’s flags with a printed book, “The History of the Timurid Family.”

Ahmed Taymour’s approach to writing translations tends to be semi-fictional, according to the description of Zaki Mubarak, “The spirit of retribution was in the man, and when the spirit of research prevailed, it fled from him to his two sons, Muhammad and Mahmoud.”

Among what was written about this encyclopedic science is that it was cut off from his library, which was the richest library in Egypt after the House of Books and Al-Azhar.

And the scholar Muhammad Kurd Ali said in the context of praising him: If I or some of the members of the complex presented me with a linguistic or historical problem, or I wanted to know a book on a topic that I am interested in researching, I would not find anyone to cure my yield, especially after the loss of our Algerian teacher, other than Ahmed Taymour.

He was one of the enlightened nobles who lived for knowledge, and he was the richest thing he had in existence: his children, the Islamic religion, the Arabic language, and his private treasuries. In addition to these scientific traits, he was gentle in character, generous in character, and possessed of many rare personal qualities of generosity, generosity, humility, self-denial, and doing the favor with his efforts, knowledge and money. Although, by virtue of his nature, he was withdrawn from the public, he was surrounded by scholars and their councils, according to the Arab thinker, Dr. Muhammad al-Jawadi.

Among his books are “The Tail of Doctors’ Classes, Flags of Engineers in Islam, Controlling the Flags, Titles and Ranks, A Historical Look at the Occurrence of the Four Schools, Zaydiism and the Origin of their Beehive, Prophetic Antiquities, History of Ottoman Science, Painting among Arabs, Playing Arabs, Colloquial Proverbs” in addition to Correction of Lisan Al Arab, correction of the surrounding dictionary.

As for his book, “The Tadhkirat al-Tammuri,” investigators consider it to be his most prominent and useful concise encyclopedic book for those engaged in literary studies, history, and scientific research.

his family

His son Mahmoud Taymour wrote about him that “if a reader traces the biography of Ahmed Taymour and knows how he was very pious, extremely embarrassed, imprinted on the preservation and constriction of the soul, affecting isolation as much as altruism could, he was as ascetic as he was in the midst of life and confounded people .. What approach does the browser represent to the owner That biography, when he treats his sons, in that distant era? And in what way do you see him decay in his liver, and he is their shepherd, and they have a watch?”

He continued: I asked myself this question, in order to answer it with what I witnessed, not with what the biography explorer intends to speculate and infer, so what is seen is like someone who has heard, nor from someone who is empty like someone who has imagined. How was it based on our upbringing when we were three brothers, who were united on affection and feeling, even if we differed in some inclinations and tendencies?

The wife of the encyclopedic scholar died before he was 20 years old, and despite his youth, he did not marry after that, for fear of negatively affecting his children.

His son Muhammad died, and he suffered from heart problems, and he became ill with more health problems that afflicted his second son, Mahmoud, so that the polymath Pasha passed away in 1930.

After his death, a committee was formed, headed by the professor of the generation, Ahmed Lutfi Al-Sayyid Pasha, to publish Timurid literature, and this committee was concerned with publishing his previously unpublished works.

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