One of its countries was nominated as a national home for the Jews.. The story of Israel’s penetration into the brown continent
Today, Sunday, February 6, 2022, the African Union Summit suspended the decision to grant observer status to Israel, and formed a committee of 7 heads of state, including Algeria, to present a recommendation to the African Union Summit, which remains under consideration.
The resolution adopted today unanimously by the Summit of Heads of State and Government of the African Union in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, includes suspending Moussa Faki’s decision to grant Israel observer status in the African Union on 22 June.
For years, Israel has been seeking in various ways and means to penetrate into Africa because it represents part of its ambitions that extend from the Euphrates to the Nile.
The Red Sea is of great importance to Israeli commercial and strategic interests, and Israel needs the support of African countries in the face of Arab and Islamic countries.
Israel exploits its technological progress to provide security and development services to African countries in exchange for diplomatic relations and support at the United Nations.
Uganda..the national home of the Jews
– Africa was one of the candidates for embracing the national homeland of the Jews, specifically in Uganda, but the Balfour Declaration of 1917 resolved the issue so that the Zionists devote themselves to work on establishing their state in Palestine.
– November 29, 1947: South Africa was among the countries that voted in favor of the resolution to partition Palestine, which recommends the establishment of a Jewish state on the land of Palestine, and it was the second African country to do so, along with Liberia.
May 24, 1948: Nine days after the declaration of the State of Israel, the South African government of Jan Smots, a fiercely pro-Zionist, grants de facto recognition to the Jewish state.
April 18, 1955: The Afro-Asian Conference held in Bandung, Indonesia, rejected Israel’s participation, which came as a shock to Tel Aviv and its members condemned its practices against the Palestinians.
– After the conference, Israel decided to carry out a diplomatic invasion of the brown continent, which resulted in the establishment of relations with all sub-Saharan African countries except for Mauritania, Somalia and Sudan.
1956: According to the Israeli Foreign Ministry, Ghana was the first African country to officially recognize Israel.
1960: David Ben-Gurion – the first prime minister of Israel – said in one of his speeches to the Knesset that African countries are not strong, but their voice is heard in the world, and their voices in international organizations are equal in value to the voices of major countries, and Israeli-African friendship aims at a minimum to neutralize Africa in the Arab-Israeli conflict, and at its best to ensure Africa’s support for the Israeli position.
1967: After Egypt’s defeat in the June War, Israel’s relationship with Africa began to enter a period of lukewarmness as it occupied African lands.
By the early 1970s, Israel had full diplomatic relations with 33 African countries.
After the October 1973 war: this number decreased to only 5 countries, as 29 African countries cut their relations with Tel Aviv, and the boycott lasted for about 10 years.
– According to the Israeli Foreign Ministry, “only Malawi, Lesotho and Swaziland (Swatini) have maintained their full diplomatic relations with Israel, while some other countries have maintained contacts with Israel through representative offices within foreign embassies.”
September 11, 1975: The Chief of Operations in the Israeli General Staff at the time, Haim Bar-Lev, secretly visited Ethiopia, and made arrangements for military cooperation between the two countries. 1973.
The importance of the Red Sea to Israel is associated with the importance of the Nile River, and this clearly shows in Israel’s interest in strengthening its relations with Ethiopia, which would enable it to exist in the Red Sea region to control the sources of the Blue Nile in Ethiopia.
This reinforces the Israeli interest in Ethiopia that it is leading the rebellion against the 1929 and 1959 agreements for the distribution of the Nile’s water, and because about 86% of the Nile’s water comes from its highlands.
The Israeli presence in Ethiopia dates back to the 1960s, when Tel Aviv made an early presence in the African continent by sending its experts in the fields of economy, security and communications, as well as inaugurating its embassy in Addis Ababa, which is the largest after its counterpart in America, according to the Jerusalem Center for Political Studies.
Camp David for Peace
1987: Egypt established relations with Israel after signing the Camp David peace agreement, after which the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) announced breaking the boycott and resuming relations with Tel Aviv.
1991: The Madrid Peace Conference was held between the Arabs and Israel. In the same year, the apartheid regime in South Africa fell, allowing Tel Aviv opportunities to penetrate into Africa.
1992: The General Secretariat of the Arab League received secret reports stating that the Israeli penetration into Africa is carried out through 3 ways: recruiting technicians and sending them to African countries, providing Israeli companies with all information about African countries, and then strengthening and strengthening relations and ties between Israel and African countries in the fields political, economic and cultural, not only with state governments but also with popular organizations and political parties.
1993: After the signing of the “Oslo” agreement between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Tel Aviv, Moroccan-Israeli relations began at a low level, but Rabat froze those relations in 2002, following the outbreak of the second Palestinian intifada.
By 1997: Israel doubled its diplomatic representation in Africa to 48 countries.
In Ethiopia alone, Israel runs 187 agricultural projects.
In Rwanda, the Israeli company Ebonyi is developing a comprehensive plan to regulate irrigation in the country.
In Kenya, Israel is partnering with Germany in projects to purify Lake Victoria, the largest fresh water reservoir in Africa, to provide 5 million job opportunities in the lake basin countries.
In South Sudan – the newest African country – Israel contracted to establish a model agricultural village and build a huge project to generate electric power.
By the late 1990s, official relations had been resumed with 39 sub-Saharan countries.
– September 22, 2000: Israeli businessmen, representing 24 companies specialized in agricultural technologies, visited Morocco, at the invitation of the Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Services (governmental) in Casablanca.
– Israel obtained the status of an “observer member” in the Organization of African Unity, and it maintained this status until 2002, when the organization was dissolved and replaced by the African Union as a framework organizing African regional relations. But her application was refused, and she is still trying to obtain this status.
2006: The Israeli Diamond Institute announced that Tel Aviv achieved about $6.6 billion in diamond exports.
2011: After the Republic of South Sudan gained its independence, Israel sought to establish diplomatic relations with it and promised to provide various aids.
July 2016: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu participated in a mini-African regional summit on security and countering terrorism, which was held in Uganda, in the presence of the heads of state and government of Kenya, Rwanda, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Zambia and Malawi, and obtained a pledge from them to “accept Israel as an observer state in the African Union.” .
July 2016: Guinea and Israel revived diplomatic relations after nearly 50 years of severing them, and the government in Conakry was the only one to cut ties with the Jewish state after the 1967 war.
Quarter of June 2017: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu participated in the 51st summit of the Economic Community of West African States “ECOWAS” in the Liberian capital, Monrovia, amid a boycott by African leaders over his participation.
Yedioth Ahronoth newspaper reported that Netanyahu signed a number of joint agreements with ECOWAS countries, including improving relations in the areas of agriculture, climate, water, trade, health, security, cyber and communications, energy, and science, as well as a joint declaration to fight terrorism, and the signing of a memorandum of understanding to strengthen economic and technical relations. and security projects.
Netanyahu was accompanied on his visit by Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz, Agriculture Uri Ariel, Assistant Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotobili, and MK Avraham Nagosa.
August 8, 2017: Tala Fall of Senegal and Amara Camara of Guinea presented their credentials as ambassadors to Israeli President Reuven Rivlin at a ceremony in Jerusalem, where they formally assumed their position as non-resident ambassadors to Israel.
During the ceremony, Israeli President Reuven Rivlin said, “Israel sees Africa as the future.”
October 23, 2017: Israel was forced to postpone the first summit that it was scheduled to gather with African countries in Togo, which Israeli leaders considered a temporary setback as a result of intense pressure behind the scenes of many African and Arab countries, including South Africa, Algeria and Morocco.
January 2019: Tel Aviv announced that it had established diplomatic relations with Chad and Mali, which have a Muslim majority, while several other African countries followed suit.
February 3, 2020: A meeting between the President of the Sudanese Transitional Sovereignty Council Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the Ugandan capital Kampala.
October 23, 2020: US President Donald Trump announced Sudan’s agreement to normalize relations with Israel.
– December 22, 2020: The signing of the normalization agreement between Morocco and Israel under American auspices.
June 2021: African Union Commissioner Moussa Faki unilaterally agreed to grant Israel observer status, which was protested by many EU countries – especially Algeria and South Africa – saying that they had not been consulted about this step.
August 12, 2021: Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid opens a representative office for Tel Aviv in the Moroccan capital, Rabat.
– Israel has embassies in 11 African countries out of 54 countries, which are Senegal, Egypt, Angola, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, Cameroon and Morocco. There are many Israeli ambassadors who are not residing in African countries.